Security, speed, compliance, and flexibility — all of these describe lighttpd (pron. lighty) which is rapidly redefining efficiency of a webserver; as it is designed and optimized for high performance environments. With a small memory footprint compared to other web-servers, effective management of the cpu-load, and advanced feature set (FastCGI, SCGI, Auth, Output-Compression, URL-Rewriting and many more) lighttpd is the perfect solution for every server that is suffering load problems. And best of all it’s Open Source licensed under the revised BSD license.
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Here i will explain you the installation of Lighttd with PHP and MySQL on CentOS 6 / RHEL 6.
To start off we will install Lighttpd.
Open up the Terminal and Swicth to root user.
To install Lighttpd, we need to have epel repository installed on your machine; to install epel repository issue the following command.
[root@geeksite~/]# rpm -Uvh http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-5.noarch.rpm
[root@geeksite~/]# yum install lighttpd
Start the Lighttpd by using the following command.
[root@geeksite~/]# /etc/init.d/lighttpd restart
To make the apache to start during the every boot, Type the following on terminal and hit Enter.
[root@geeksite~/]# chkconfig lighttpd on
To make sure everything installed correctly we will now test Lighttpd to ensure it is working properly. Open up any web browser and then enter the following into the web address:
http://localhost/ or http://your.ip.addr.ess
You will get the web page saying “Powered by lighttpd”, lighttpd’s default document root is /var/www/lighttpd on Fedora; the configuration file is /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf and additional configurations are stored in the /etc/lighttpd/conf.d/ directory.
Next is the installation of MySQL server, MySQL is available on CentOS package; so just issue the following command to install it.
[root@geeksite~/]# yum install mysql mysql-server php-mysql
Start MySQL server.
[root@geeksite~/]# /etc/init.d/mysqld restart
To make the MySQL to start during the every boot, Type the following on terminal and hit Enter.
[root@geeksite~/]# chkconfig mysqld on
Next is to make the MySQL secure by using the mysql_secure_installation command.
This program enables you to improve the security of your MySQL installation in the following ways:
- You can set a password for
- You can remove
rootaccounts that are accessible from outside the local host.
- You can remove anonymous-user accounts.
- You can remove the
testdatabase (which by default can be accessed by all users, even anonymous users), and privileges that permit anyone to access databases with names that start with
Next is to install PHP 5 on CentOS with FastCGI, CentOS provides a FastCGI-enabled PHP5 package. We can install by issuing the following command.
[root@geeksite~/]# yum install php-cli lighttpd-fastcgi
Configuring PHP 5:
To enable PHP5 in Lighttpd, you will have to modify the configuration file /etc/php.ini and uncomment the line cgi.fix_pathinfo=1:
To enable the FastCGI we need to edit the following file.
[root@geeksite~/]# vi /etc/lighttpd/modules.conf
Uncomment the line [Line No: 132].
Create and Enable the permission to run Lighttpd (Optional).
[root@geeksite~/]# mkdir /var/run/lighttpd [root@geeksite~/]# chown lighttpd.lighttpd /var/run/lighttpd
Edit the following file to configure FastCGI.
[root@geeksite~/]# vi /etc/lighttpd/conf.d/fastcgi.conf
Add the following lines at the end of the file.
fastcgi.server = ( ".php" => ( "localhost" => ( "socket" => "/var/run/lighttpd/php-fastcgi.socket", "bin-path" => "/usr/bin/php-cgi", "max-procs" => 5, "bin-environment" => ( "PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN" => "16", "PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS" => "10000" ), "broken-scriptfilename" => "enable" ) ) )
Now restart all the required services.
[root@geeksite~/]# /etc/init.d/lighttpd restart [root@geeksite~/]# /etc/init.d/mysqld restart
For testing the PHP, Place one PHP file on to the default directory of the Lighttpd. The document root of the default web site is /var/www/lighttpd. We will now create a small PHP file (info.php) in that directory and call it in a browser. The file will display lots of useful details about our PHP installation, such as the installed PHP version.
In the terminal copy/paste the following line:
[root@geeksite~/]# vi /var/www/lighttpd/info.php
This will open up a file called info.php.
Copy/Paste this line into the phpinfo file:
Save and close the file. use Esc + ;wq for saving the file.
Now open you’re web browser and type the following into the web address:
http://127.0.0.1/info.php or http://your.ip.add-ress/info.php
The page will look like below:
Scroll down the browser to modules section to check the support for the MySQL, you will get the screen like below.
Thanks to Christian Foronda for providing the FastCGI configuration.