Docker is a container virtualization technology that has gained widespread popularity in recent times; it offers a more efficient way to deploy the application. With Docker, the applications reside inside the container on top of the Linux operating system. Docker uses Kernel features such as cgroups and namespace to allow an independent container to run on single os instance.
In this post, you will learn how to install Docker on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7
Choose any one of the methods to install Docker on CentOS 7.
Install from Docker (Official):
Docker is now available in two editions,
- Community Edition (CE)
- Enterprise Edition (EE)
Here, we will install Docker Comunity Edition (CE).
Uninstall older versions of Dockers, named “docker” or “docker-engine” along with associated dependencies.
# yum -y remove docker-common docker container-selinux docker-selinux docker-engine
Do not worry about the contents inside /var/lib/docker/, all will be preserved.
The Docker Comunity package is now called “docker-ce“. Let’s add the CE repository for docker installation.
# yum -y install wget # wget https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo -O /etc/yum.repos.d/docker-ce.repo
Install the latest version of Docker CE using the following command.
# yum -y install docker-ce
Eg: yum install docker-ce-17.03.0.ce-1.el7.centos
Install from Base Repository:
Docker is available in the standard repository of CentOS, so we don’t have to search for the package. For RHEL 7, you must have a valid Redhat subscription to enable Extras rpm’s repository on the server. Install it using the following command.
# yum -y install docker
Working with Docker:
Now you have Docker installed onto your machine, start the Docker service in case if it is not started automatically after the installation
# systemctl start docker.service # systemctl enable docker.service
While starting Docker on CentOS 7, I got a below error.
Apr 18 01:21:00 server docker: /usr/bin/docker: relocation error: /usr/bin/docker: symbol dm_task_get_info_with_deferred_remove, version Base not defined in file libdevmapper.so.1.02 with link time reference
I solved this by installing following packages on CentOS 7.
# yum -y install device-mapper device-mapper-event device-mapper-libs device-mapper-event-libs
Restart Docker service on CentOS 7.
# systemctl restart docker.service
Once the service is started, verify your installation by running the following command.
# docker run -it centos echo Hello-World
Let’s see what happens when we run “docker run” command. Docker starts a container with centos base image since we are running this centos container for the first time, the output will look like below.
Unable to find image 'centos:latest' locally Trying to pull repository docker.io/centos ... 0114405f9ff1: Download complete 511136ea3c5a: Download complete b6718650e87e: Download complete 3d3c8202a574: Download complete Status: Downloaded newer image for docker.io/centos:latest Hello-World
Docker looks for centos image locally, and it is not found, it starts downloading the centos image from Docker registry. Once the image has been downloaded, it will start the container and echo the command “Hello-World” in the console which you can see at the end of the output.
Allowing Non-root access:
As you can see in my command, for CentOS, I had to run Docker as a root user. To avoid this, you can follow below procedure to allow non-root users to run Docker containers.
Create a group called docker if it does not exist, run the following commands with root privileges.
# groupadd docker
Add a user that is to be a part of docker group, replace “raj” with your own username.
# useradd raj
Add a user to docker group.
# usermod -aG docker raj
Now you can run a Docker with a non-root user.
FirwallD in CentOS 7 can conflict with Docker; it is recommended to disable the service.
# systemctl stop firewalld.service # systemctl disable firewalld.servic
When firewalld is started or restarted it will remove the DOCKER chain from iptables, it prevents Docker from working properly.
If you still want to use Systemd, firewalld is must be started before Docker service. In case if you start or restart firewalld after Docker, you will have to restart the Docker daemon.
That’s All!, You can now start working with Docker.