How to configure OpenLDAP Master-Slave Replication

Configure OpenLDAP Master-Slave Replication
Configure OpenLDAP Master-Slave Replication

This guide focuses on how to configure OpenLDAP Master-Slave Replication. I assume that you have two LDAP servers ready for the replication.

Read: Step by Step OpenLDAP Server Configuration on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7

Follow the steps shown in the above link except creating LDAP users. We will create an LDAP user here to test the replication.

Setup Master Server:

To begin, let’s create a user who will have a read access to all LDAP objects, to avoid using LDAP root (ldapadm) account for replication due to security reason.

[root@master ~]# vi rpuser.ldif

Paste the below lines to the above LDIF file.

dn: uid=rpuser,dc=itzgeek,dc=local
objectClass: simpleSecurityObject
objectclass: account
uid: rpuser
description: Replication  User
userPassword: root1234

Use the ldapadd command to add a new user to OpenLDAP directory.

[root@master ~]# ldapadd -x -W -D "cn=ldapadm,dc=itzgeek,dc=local" -f rpuser.ldif

Output:

Enter LDAP Password:
adding new entry "uid=rpuser,dc=itzgeek,dc=local"

Enable syncprov module on the master server.

[root@master ~]# vi syncprov_mod.ldif

Copy and paste the below lines to syncprov_mod.ldif file.

dn: cn=module,cn=config
objectClass: olcModuleList
cn: module
olcModulePath: /usr/lib64/openldap
olcModuleLoad: syncprov.la

Now send the configuration to the LDAP master server.

[root@server ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f syncprov_mod.ldif

Output:

SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
adding new entry "cn=module,cn=config"

We would require enabling syncprov for each directory.

[root@master ~]# vi syncprov.ldif

Copy and paste the below text into the above file.

dn: olcOverlay=syncprov,olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
objectClass: olcOverlayConfig
objectClass: olcSyncProvConfig
olcOverlay: syncprov
olcSpSessionLog: 100

Update the configuration on LDAP server.

[root@master ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f syncprov.ldif

Output:

SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
adding new entry "olcOverlay=syncprov,olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config"

Setup Slave Server:

Now we will configure the replication by placing the most important configurations such as LDAP server URI, LDAP user, and password into the file of each of your slave node.

[root@slave ~]# vi rp.ldif

The above file should have below content. But don’t forget to change the “rid=xxx” information, this should be unique for each server, a three digit number.

dn: olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: olcSyncRepl
olcSyncRepl: rid=001
  ### LDAP Master URI ###
  provider=ldap://192.168.12.11:389/
  bindmethod=simple
  ### LDAP Domain ###
  binddn="uid=rpuser,dc=itzgeek,dc=local"
  ### Replication user credential ###
  credentials=root1234
  searchbase="dc=itzgeek,dc=local"
  scope=sub
  schemachecking=on
  type=refreshAndPersist
  retry="30 5 300 3"
  interval=00:00:05:00
Do not forget to remove #hashed lines, as it may cause an error while updating the LDAP configuration

Send the slave configuration to the LDAP.

[root@slave ~]# ldapmodify -Y EXTERNAL  -H ldapi:/// -f rp.ldif

Output:

SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
modifying entry "olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config"

Test the LDAP replication:

Let’s create a user in LDAP called “ldaprptest“, to do that, create a .ldif file on the master LDAP server.

[root@master ~]# vi ldaprptest.ldif

Update the above file with below content.

dn: uid=ldaprptest,ou=People,dc=itzgeek,dc=local
objectClass: top
objectClass: account
objectClass: posixAccount
objectClass: shadowAccount
cn: ldaprptest
uid: ldaprptest
uidNumber: 9988
gidNumber: 100
homeDirectory: /home/ldaprptest
loginShell: /bin/bash
gecos: LDAP Replication Test User
userPassword: {crypt}x
shadowLastChange: 17058
shadowMin: 0
shadowMax: 99999
shadowWarning: 7

Add a user to LDAP server using the ldapadd command.

[root@server ~]# ldapadd -x -W -D "cn=ldapadm,dc=itzgeek,dc=local" -f ldaprptest.ldif

Output:

Enter LDAP Password:
adding new entry "uid=ldaprptest,ou=People,dc=itzgeek,dc=local"

Search for “ldaprptest” on the slave server.

[root@slave ~]# ldapsearch -x cn=ldaprptest -b dc=itzgeek,dc=local

Output:

# extended LDIF
#
# LDAPv3
# base <dc=itzgeek,dc=local> with scope subtree
# filter: cn=ldaprptest
# requesting: ALL
#

# ldaprptest, People, itzgeek.local
dn: uid=ldaprptest,ou=People,dc=itzgeek,dc=local
objectClass: top
objectClass: account
objectClass: posixAccount
objectClass: shadowAccount
cn: ldaprptest
uid: ldaprptest
uidNumber: 9988
gidNumber: 100
homeDirectory: /home/ldaprptest
loginShell: /bin/bash
gecos: LDAP Replication Test User
userPassword:: e2NyeXB0fXg=
shadowLastChange: 17058
shadowMin: 0
shadowMax: 99999
shadowWarning: 7

# search result
search: 2
result: 0 Success

# numResponses: 2
# numEntries: 1

Extras:

Configure LDAP client to bind with slave server, too.

authconfig --enableldap --enableldapauth --ldapserver=master.itzgeek.local,slave.itzgeek.local --ldapbasedn="dc=itzgeek,dc=local" --enablemkhomedir --update

That’s All.

Reference: Official site

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