Nginx 1.6.2 + PHP5-FPM + MySQL on Linuxmint 17

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NGINX

Nginx is a free, open-source, high-performance HTTP server. Nginx is known for its stability, rich feature set, simple configuration, and low resource consumption. This tutorial shows you how to install Nginx on an Linuxmint 17 with PHP support (through PHP-FPM) and MySQL support. PHP-FPM is an alternative PHP FastCGI implementation, it has some additional features useful for sites of any size, especially busier sites).

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Installing MySQL:

First we will install the MySQL by issuing the following command. You will be asked to create MySQL admin password.

$ sudo apt-get install mysql-server

Start MySQL server.

$ service mysql start

Installing Nginx:

Add Nginx repository by placing following information.

$ sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list
 
deb http://nginx.org/packages/ubuntu/ trusty  nginx 
deb-src http://nginx.org/packages/ubuntu/ trusty  nginx

Update repositories.

$ sudo apt-get update

Install Nginx using the following command.

$ sudo apt-get install nginx

Start the Nginx after the installation.

$ service nginx start

Open web browser and visit http://your-ip-address, you should see the following page; this will confirm you that the ngnix is successfully installed on the server.

CentOS 7 - Nginx Default Page
Linuxmint 17 – Nginx Default Page

The default nginx document root on Linuxmint 17 is /usr/share/nginx/html/. The configuration files are under /etc/nginx directory.

Installing PHP5-FPM:

Next is to install PHP through PHP-FPM (PHP-FPM (FastCGI Process Manager), it is an alternative PHP FastCGI implementation. it has some additional features useful for sites of any size, especially busier sites). Install it by issuing the following command.

$ sudo apt-get install php5-fpm php5-mysql php5-cli

Edit /etc/php.ini.

$ sudo nano /etc/php5/fpm/php.ini

set cgi.fix_pathinfo=0

cgi.fix_pathinfo=0

Edit /etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/www.conf file,

$ sudo nano /etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/www.conf

Make sure the following values are UN-commented.

listen = /var/run/php5-fpm.sock

Enabling PHP-FPM Support on Virtual Host:

Lets create name based virtual host on Nginx server for the following details.

Server Name : server.itzgeek.com
Document Root : /usr/share/nginx/html/itzgeek.com

Create the configuration file called virtual.conf and Edit /etc/nginx/conf.d/virtual.conf.

$ sudo nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/virtual.conf

Add the following content.

server {
server_name server.itzgeek.com;
root /usr/share/nginx/html/itzgeek.com;
 
location / {
index index.html index.htm index.php;
}
 
location ~ \.php$ {
include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /usr/share/nginx/html/itzgeek.com$fastcgi_script_$
}
}

Create host entry for your domain (server.itzgeek.com) in /etc/hosts file.

$ sudo nano /etc/hosts

Add host entry , the line should look like below.

127.0.0.1               localhost.localdomain localhost server.itzgeek.com

Testing PHP-FPM support on Virtual host:

Create the document root directory.

$ sudo mkdir /usr/share/nginx/html/itzgeek.com

For testing the PHP, Place one PHP file on to the document root of the created virtual host, In the terminal copy/paste the following line:

# vi /usr/share/nginx/html/itzgeek.com/index.php

This will open up a file called index.php, Copy/Paste this line into the index.php file:

<?php phpinfo(); ?>

Save and close the file.
Restart the services.

$ sudo service nginx reload
$ sudo service php5-fpm reload

Now open up your web browser and type the your domain in the web address:

http://server.itzgeek.com

The page look like below:

Linuxmint 17 - PHP5-FPM support
Linuxmint 17 – PHP5-FPM support

From the above screen shot , PHP is working, and it’s working through FPM/FastCGI, as shown in the Server API line. If you scroll further down, you will see all modules that are already enabled in PHP.
Scroll down the browser and look for the MySQL support information.

Linuxmint 17 - Nginx MySQL support
Linuxmint 17 – Nginx MySQL support

Extras:

If you get any error related to permission denied like below on /var/log/nginx/error.log.

connect() to unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock failed (13: Permission denied) while connecting to upstream.

Edit the following file.

sudo nano /etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/www.conf

Change owner from www-data to nginx and enable permission too.

listen.owner = nginx
listen.group = nginx
listen.mode = 0660

That’s all!

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