How to install Graylog2 on Ubuntu 14.04

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Graylog (formerly known as Graylog2) is an open source log management platform, helps you to collect, index and analyze any machine logs on a centralized location. This guide helps you to install Graylog2 on Ubuntu 14.04, also focus on installation of four other components that makes Graylog2 a power full log management tool.

Components:

1. MongoDB – Stores the configurations and meta information.

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2. Elasticsearch – Stores the log messages and offers a searching facility, nodes should have high memory as all the I/O operations are happens here.

3. GrayLog – Log parser, it collect the logs from various inputs.

4. GrayLog Web interface = provides you the web-based portal for managing the logs.

Prerequisites:

Since the Elasticsearch is based on java, we would require to install either openJDK or Oracle JDK. It is recommended to install Oracle JDK, verify the java version by using the following command.

$ java -version

java version "1.8.0_60"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_60-b27)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.60-b23, mixed mode)

Install Elasticsearch:

Elasticsearch is an open source search server, it offers a realtime distributed search and analytics with RESTful web interface. Elasticsearch stores all the logs sent by the Graylog server and displays the messages when the graylog web interface requests for full filling user request over the web interface. This topic covers configuration settings that is required for Graylog, you can also take a look on Install Elasticsearch on CentOS 7 / Ubuntu 14.10 / Linux Mint 17.1 for detailed instruction.

Let’s install the Elasticsearch, it can be downloaded from official website.

Download and install GPG signing key.

$ sudo wget -qO - https://packages.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch | sudo apt-key add -

Save the repository definition to /etc/apt/sources.list.d/elasticsearch.list

$ echo "deb http://packages.elastic.co/elasticsearch/1.7/debian stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/elasticsearch.list

Update repository cache.

$ sudo apt-get update

Install Elasticsearch.

$ sudo apt-get install elasticsearch

Configure Elasticsearch to start during system startup.

$ sudo update-rc.d elasticsearch defaults

The only important thing is to set a cluster name as “graylog2“, that is being used by graylog. Now edit the configuration file of Elasticsearch.

$ sudo nano /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml

cluster.name: graylog2

Disable dynamic scripts to avoid remote execution, that can be done by adding the following line at the end of above file.

script.disable_dynamic: true

Once it is done, we are good to go. Before that, restart the Elasticsearch services to load the modified configuration.

$ sudo service elasticsearch restart

Wait at least a minute to let the Elasticsearch get fully restarted, otherwise testing will fail. Elastisearch should be now listen on 9200 for processing HTTP request, we can use CURL to get the response. Ensure that it returns with cluster name as “graylog2

$ curl -X GET http://localhost:9200

{
  "status" : 200,
  "name" : "Pistol",
  "cluster_name" : "graylog2",
  "version" : {
    "number" : "1.7.1",
    "build_hash" : "b88f43fc40b0bcd7f173a1f9ee2e97816de80b19",
    "build_timestamp" : "2015-07-29T09:54:16Z",
    "build_snapshot" : false,
    "lucene_version" : "4.10.4"
  },
  "tagline" : "You Know, for Search"
}

Optional: Use the following command to check the Elasticsearch cluster health, you must get a cluster status as “green” for graylog to work.

$ curl -XGET 'http://localhost:9200/_cluster/health?pretty=true'

{
  "cluster_name" : "graylog2",
  "status" : "green",
  "timed_out" : false,
  "number_of_nodes" : 1,
  "number_of_data_nodes" : 1,
  "active_primary_shards" : 0,
  "active_shards" : 0,
  "relocating_shards" : 0,
  "initializing_shards" : 0,
  "unassigned_shards" : 0,
  "delayed_unassigned_shards" : 0,
  "number_of_pending_tasks" : 0,
  "number_of_in_flight_fetch" : 0
}

Install MongoDB:

MongoDB is available in dep format and same can be downloaded from the official website. Add the following repository information on the system to install MongoDB. Before that we must import public key.

$ sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 7F0CEB10

Add repository by creating the /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.0.list list file using the command.

$ echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.org/apt/ubuntu trusty/mongodb-org/3.0 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.0.list

Update repository cache.

$ sudo apt-get update

Install MongoDB using the following command.

$ sudo apt-get install mongodb-org

Start the MongoDB service and enable it to start automatically during the system start-up.

$ sudo service mongod start
$ sudo update-rc.d mongod defaults

Install Graylog2:

Graylog-server accepts and process the log messages, also spawns the RESTAPI for the requests that comes from graylog-web-interface. Download the latest version of graylog from graylog.org,

Use the following command to install graylog2 repository.

$ wget https://packages.graylog2.org/repo/packages/graylog-1.2-repository-ubuntu14.04_latest.deb

$ sudo dpkg -i graylog-1.2-repository-ubuntu14.04_latest.deb

Install https suppport and update the repository cache.

$ sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https

$ sudo apt-get update

Install Graylog server using following command.

$ sudo apt-get install graylog-server 

Edit the server.conf file.

$ sudo nano /etc/graylog/server/server.conf

Configure the following variables in the above file.

Set a secret to secure the user passwords, use the following command to generate a secret, use at least 64 character’s.

$ pwgen -N 1 -s 96

OH9wXpsNZVBA8R5vJQSnkhTB1qDOjCxAh3aE3LvXddtfDlZlKYEyGS24BJAiIxI0sbSTSPovTTnhLkkrUvhSSxodTlzDi5gP

If you get a “pwgen: command not found“, use the following command to install pwgen.

$ sudo apt-get install pwgen

Place the secret.

password_secret = OH9wXpsNZVBA8R5vJQSnkhTB1qDOjCxAh3aE3LvXddtfDlZlKYEyGS24BJAiIxI0sbSTSPovTTnhLkkrUvhSSxodTlzDi5gP

Next is to set a hash password for the root user (not to be confused with system user, root user of graylog is admin). You will use this password for login into the web interface, admin’s password can not be changed using web interface, must edit this variable to set.

Replace “yourpassword” with the choice of your’s.

# echo -n yourpassword | sha256sum

e3c652f0ba0b4801205814f8b6bc49672c4c74e25b497770bb89b22cdeb4e951

Place the hash password.

root_password_sha2 = e3c652f0ba0b4801205814f8b6bc49672c4c74e25b497770bb89b22cdeb4e951

You can setup email address root (admin) user.

root_email = "itzgeek.web@gmail.com"

Set timezone of root (admin) user.

root_timezone = UTC

Graylog will try to find the Elasticsearch nodes automatically, it uses multicast mode for the same. But when it comes to larger network, it is recommended to use unicast mode which is best suited one for production setups. So add the following two entries to graylog server.conf file, replace ipaddress with live hostname or ipaddress. Multiple hosts can be added with comma separated.

elasticsearch_http_enabled = false
elasticsearch_discovery_zen_ping_unicast_hosts = ipaddress:9300

Set only one master node by defining the below variable, default setting is true, you must set it as a false to make the particular node as a slave. Master node performs some periodic tasks that slave won’t perform.

is_master = true

The following variable sets the number of log messages to keep per index, it is recommended to have several smaller indices instead of larger ones.

elasticsearch_max_docs_per_index = 20000000

The following parameter defines to have total number of indices, if the this number is reached old index will be deleted.

elasticsearch_max_number_of_indices = 20

Shards setting is really depends on the number of nodes in the Elasticsearch cluster, if you have only one node, set it as 1.

elasticsearch_shards = 1

The number of replicas for your indices, if you have only one node in Elasticsearch cluster; set it as 0.

elasticsearch_replicas = 0

Restart Graylog service.

$ sudo service graylog-server restart

Enable auto start of graylog server service during system startup.

$ sudo update-rc.d graylog-server defaults

You can check out the server startup logs, it will be useful for you to troubleshoot graylog in case of any issue.

# tailf /var/log/graylog-server/server.log

On successful start of graylog-server, you should get the following message in the log file.

2015-09-17T09:35:22.895+02:00 INFO  [ServerBootstrap] Graylog server up and running.

Install Graylog web interface:

To configure graylog-web-interface, you must have at least one graylog-server node. Install Graylog web interface using “apt-get”.

$ sudo apt-get install graylog-web

Edit the configuration file and set the following parameters.

$ sudo nano /etc/graylog/web/web.conf

This is the list of graylog-server nodes, you can add multiple nodes, separate by commas.

graylog2-server.uris="http://127.0.0.1:12900/"

Set the application scret and can be generated using pwgen -N 1 -s 96.

application.secret="sNXyFf6B4Au3GqSlZwq7En86xp10JimdxxYiLtpptOejX6tIUpUE4DGRJOrcMj07wcK0wugPaapvzEzCYinEWj7BOtHXVl5Z"

Set Web interface timezone.

timezone="Europe/Berlin"

Restart the gralog-web-interface using following command,

$ sudo service graylog-web restart

Enable auto start of web interface service during system startup.

$ sudo update-rc.d graylog-web defaults

Access Graylog web interface:

The web interface will listen on port 9000, point your browser to http://ip-add-ress:9000.

Log in with username “admin” and the password you configured at root_password_sha2 on server.conf.

Install Graylog2 on Ubuntu 14.04 - Login Screen
Install Graylog2 on Ubuntu 14.04 – Login Screen

Once you logged in, you will get the following search page.

Install Graylog2 on Ubuntu 14.04 - Search Page
Install Graylog2 on Ubuntu 14.04 – Search Page

That’s All!, you have successfully installed Graylog2 on Ubuntu 14.04.

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