Install Ubuntu 16.04 – With Screenshots

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Install Ubuntu 16.04
Install Ubuntu 16.04

Ubuntu 16.04 is the latest and the current version of a famous desktop operating system from Canonical, Ubuntu has been favorite for desktop users for a long time, could see large-scale of deployments in the recent years.

Ubuntu releases updated version every six months with free supports for nine months and every fourth release would receive long-term support, up to 5 years from the date of release, Ubuntu 16.04 will receive a support till 2021.

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I am recommending have a look at an upgrade to Ubuntu 16.04 LTS from Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, before the fresh installation Ubuntu 16.04 LTS.

What’s new:

Let’s see, what is new in the Ubuntu 16.04.

  • GNOME Software replaces Ubuntu Software Cente
  • Its comes with Linux Kernel 4.4
  • Python has been upgraded to the 3, python 2 will continue to be available
  • Online searches in the dash are now disabled by default

More here.

Download Ubuntu 16.04 from here, put the CD into the CD-ROM drive, change the boot sequence so that CD-ROM can boot first.

PS: Ubuntu 16.04 has been released on 21st April 2016, download from here.

OR

If you want to install Ubuntu from the USB flash Disk, change the boot sequence according to the USB mass storage to boot first.

Press Enter to get a language screen and then select the language of your choice.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Installation language
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Installation language

For installing the Ubuntu 16.04, Select Install Ubuntu.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Menu
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Menu

This is a starting screen, it will disappear in a minute

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Starting Screen
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Starting Screen

Click continue on the welcome screen.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Welcome Screen
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Welcome Screen

You can either choose to install updates and other third-party software while installing Ubuntu 16.04 or leave as it is since it requires internet and installation may take an hour-long depends on the downloadable contents.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Preparing Installation
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Preparing Installation
Next is the installation type, this installation on the fresh HDD so I have only two option in the installation type. Depend on the other OS on your HDD you will get more options. Please chose any one of the methods.

1. Erase disk and install Ubuntu (i.e. it will format the entire drive and install the OS). If you don’t have any idea about the partitioning scheme simply click on Install Now.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Installation Type
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Installation Type

Once you clicked on Install Now, the installer will ask you to confirm the auto partitioning. Click on continue.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Erase Full Disk
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Erase Full Disk

2. Something else (i.e. you can manually create the partition and install Ubuntu on your selected partition), use this advanced mode if you are comfortable in partitioning your drives manually. Click on continue.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Installation Type
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Installation Type

Once you clicked, you would get the following page where installer lists available hard disk. In my case I have one hard disk size of 100GB, to create a partition; click on New Partition Table to create an empty partition.

Since this is a new hard disk. Pop up will ask you to confirm, click on continue.

Partition scheme will be like below:

/boot – 500MB

swap – 2048MB

/        –  Remaining (99GB)

Select free space and click on the + sign at the bottom to create partitions. Following shows for /boot partition.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - boot partition
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – boot partition

Following screen show for the swap partition, it is important to select use as swap area.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Swap
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Swap

Following is for / (root) partition.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - root partition
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – root partition

Review your partition layout and click on install now.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Partition List
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Partition List

Write the changes to disk by clicking on continue.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Formatting Partitions
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Formatting Partitions

Select your location next screen.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Select Location
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Select Location

Select your keyboard layout. If you are not sure, use the ‘Detect Keyboard Layout‘ option. You can also test your selection by typing in the test text box.

Ubuntu 16.04 - Keyboard Layout
Ubuntu 16.04 – Keyboard Layout

In the final screen of the installation wizard, you will be prompted to enter information about the user that you wanted to create on the system. Enter your information in this screen.

Here is one thing you should remember – if you select ‘Login automatically‘,System will directly take you to desktop without asking your credentials.

It’s best if you give a very secure password for your installation. Ubuntu will tell you whether your password is secure or not.

If you select ‘Encrypt my home folder‘ it will make all the files and folders in your home folder more secure from unauthorized viewing if you have multiple users using your computer. When you log into your computer your files are seamlessly decrypted for just your session. If you are not sure, leave this box unchecked.

Once it’s done, click on continue.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - User
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – User

Below screenshot shows installing Ubuntu 16.04.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Installing
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Installing

Once the installation is over, click on restart now.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Restart After instllaion
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Restart After the installation

Once your machine is restarted, you will get a login window. Login with username and password that you created earlier.

Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Login Screen
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Login Screen
Install Ubuntu 16.04 - Desktop Screen
Install Ubuntu 16.04 – Desktop Screen

Ubuntu is now ready for you to try it out!! Use, Share and Enjoy.

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  • larry

    I follow these instructions but the installation stops somewhere a bit after halfway down the “Copying files…” progress bar. I receive the error message:
    “Installation Failed.
    The installer encountered an error copying files to the hard disk: [Errno 5] Input/output error
    This is often due to a faulty CD/DVD disk or drive, or a faulty hard disk… (etc.)”

    I have not found any reason for the disk or drive to be faulty and googling has not found anything viable, or related to 16.04. I’m completely new to Linux and cannot tell what else to try. When I restart, it tells me “Please remove the installation medium, then press ENTER:” but when I do so, nothing boots and I am left with a black screen. When I restart again with the disk back in and go through the process again, it acts as though the installation was successful and I am asked if I should: “Erase Ubuntu 16.04 LTS and reinstall”, “Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS alongside Ubuntu 16.04 LTS” which is nonsense because the installation crashed and I cannot actually use it, or “Erase disk and install Ubuntu” (or “Something else”). The process then repeats itself as described.

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