Common VI Editor command list | VI Editor Commands

I Would like to share some commonly used VI editor command which will be useful for the beginners who love to work in VI editor.

This will be more useful for new Linux users.

Purpose vi Command
To insert new text esc + i ( You have to press ‘escape’ key then ‘i’)
To save file esc + : + w (Press ‘escape’ key then ‘colon’ and finally ‘w’)
To save file with file name (save as) esc + : + w “filename”
To quit the vi editor esc + : + q
To quit without saving esc + : + q!
To save and quit vi editor esc + : + wq
To search for specified word in forward direction esc + /word (Press ‘escape’ key, type /word-to-find, for e.g. to find word ‘work‘, type as/work)
To continue with search n
To search for specified word in backward direction esc + ?word (Press ‘escape’ key, type word-to-find)
To copy the line where cursor is located esc + yy
To paste the text just deleted or copied at the cursor esc + p
To delete entire line where cursor is located esc + dd
To delete word from cursor position esc + dw
To Find all occurrence of given word and Replace then globally without confirmation esc + :$s/word-to-find/word-to-replace/gFor. e.g. :$s/work/workers/gHere word “work” is replace with “workers”
To Find all occurrence of given word and Replace then globally with confirmation esc + :$s/word-to-find/word-to-replace/cg
To run shell command like ls, cp or date etc within vi esc + :!shell-commandFor e.g. :!pwd

Original Author:  M.S.Verman

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