How To Install phpMyAdmin with Apache on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7

2

ADVERTISEMENT

phpMyAdmin is the web-based administration tool for managing the MySQL and MariaDB servers. It helps in performing databases activities such as creating, deleting, querying, tables, columns, relations, indexes, users, permissions, etc.

This guide will help you to install phpMyAdmin with Apache on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7.

Prerequisites

phpMyAdmin requires PHP v7.13 or newer and supports MySQL/MariaDB v5.5 or newer.

In this guide, I will use PHP 7.3 for phpMyAdmin.

Install MySQL / MariaDB Server

Before installing phpMyAdmin, install a database instance on your system to connect. You could install it as a standalone database or install as part of the LAMP stack.

Install the database and then required packages shown below.

Standalone Database

READ: How To Install MariaDB on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7

yum install -y https://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm

yum install --enablerepo=remi-php73 -y httpd php php-cli php-mysqlnd

LAMP Stack

READ: How To Install LAMP Stack on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7

Install phpMyAdmin

phpMyAdmin is available in EPEL. So, install EPEL repository rpm to configure EPEL repository on your system.

rpm -Uvh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm

Install phpMyAdmin using the following command.

yum install -y --enablerepo=remi-php73 phpmyadmin

Configure phpMyAdmin

phpMyAdmin places the configuration files in /etc/httpd/conf.d directory. It has rules and permission for the access.

By default, phpMyAdmin can be accessed only from the localhost. To access phpMyadmin from external machines, we have to edit the phpMyAdmin.conf file.

vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpMyAdmin.conf

In CentOS 7, web access is managed by the mod_authz_core.c module. So, the allow or deny rules won’t work even if you modify.

Default config will look like below.

# phpMyAdmin - Web based MySQL browser written in php
#
# Allows only localhost by default
#
# But allowing phpMyAdmin to anyone other than localhost should be considered
# dangerous unless properly secured by SSL

Alias /phpMyAdmin /usr/share/phpMyAdmin
Alias /phpmyadmin /usr/share/phpMyAdmin

<Directory /usr/share/phpMyAdmin/>
     AddDefaultCharset UTF-8
     <IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
         # Apache 2.4
         <RequireAny>
             Require ip 127.0.0.1
             Require ip ::1
         </RequireAny>
     </IfModule>
     <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c>
         # Apache 2.2
         Order Deny,Allow
         Deny from All
         Allow from 127.0.0.1
         Allow from ::1
     </IfModule>
</Directory>

<Directory /usr/share/phpMyAdmin/setup/>
     <IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
        # Apache 2.4
        <RequireAny>
            Require ip 127.0.0.1
            Require ip ::1
       </RequireAny>
     </IfModule>
     <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c>
        # Apache 2.2
        Order Deny,Allow
        Deny from All
        Allow from 127.0.0.1
        Allow from ::1
    </IfModule>
</Directory>

Please comment out Require ip 127.0.0.1 and Require ip ::1 then add Require all granted just below to commented line. The content will look like below after the modification.

# phpMyAdmin - Web based MySQL browser written in php
#
# Allows only localhost by default
#
# But allowing phpMyAdmin to anyone other than localhost should be considered
# dangerous unless properly secured by SSL

Alias /phpMyAdmin /usr/share/phpMyAdmin
Alias /phpmyadmin /usr/share/phpMyAdmin

<Directory /usr/share/phpMyAdmin/>
     AddDefaultCharset UTF-8
     <IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
         # Apache 2.4
         <RequireAny>
             # Require ip 127.0.0.1
             # Require ip ::1
             Require all granted
         </RequireAny>
     </IfModule>
     <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c>
         # Apache 2.2
         Order Deny,Allow
         Deny from All
         Allow from 127.0.0.1
         Allow from ::1
     </IfModule>
</Directory>

<Directory /usr/share/phpMyAdmin/setup/>
     <IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
        # Apache 2.4
        <RequireAny>
            # Require ip 127.0.0.1
            # Require ip ::1
            Require all granted
       </RequireAny>
     </IfModule>
     <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c>
        # Apache 2.2
        Order Deny,Allow
        Deny from All
        Allow from 127.0.0.1
        Allow from ::1
    </IfModule>
</Directory>

Restart the Apache service.

ADVERTISEMENT

systemctl restart httpd

Firewall

Configure the firewall to allow HTTP requests from external networks.

firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http

firewall-cmd --reload

Access phpMyAdmin

Now access the phpMyAdmin from the browser, URL will be:

http://localhost/phpMyAdmin

OR

http://your-ip-address/phpMyAdmin

Login with the root (DB admin) or any database user.

Install phpMyAdmin with Apache on CentOS 7 - phpMyAdmin Login Screen
Install phpMyAdmin with Apache on CentOS 7 – phpMyAdmin Login Screen

You will get the database page.

Install phpMyAdmin with Apache on CentOS 7 - phpMyAdmin
Install phpMyAdmin with Apache on CentOS 7 – phpMyAdmin

Conclusion

That’s All. I hope you have learned how to install phpMyAdmin with Apache on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7. Please share you feedback in the comments section.

You might also like