How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) on UEFI and Legacy BIOS System

0

Ubuntu 18.04 is officially out!!!. The latest LTS and current version of a most famous opensource desktop operating system from Canonical, released on April 26th, 2018.

Ubuntu has been favorite for desktop users for a long time, could see large-scale of deployments in the recent years.

Ubuntu releases new OS versions every six months with free support for nine months, and every fourth release would receive long-term support, up to five years from the date of release.

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS will receive support until 2023.

What’s new in Ubuntu 18.04

  • GNOME desktop introduction
  • Supports Ubuntu Minimal Installation
  • Xorg becomes the default display server
  • Comes with Linux kernel 4.15

READ: Top 10 New Features of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

System Requirements

Make sure your system is good enough to run Ubuntu 18.04.

  • 2 GHz dual-core processor or better
  • 2 GB RAM
  • 25 GB of free hard drive space
  • Either a DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Internet access (Optional)

If you have Ubuntu 16.04 and want to upgrade it to Ubuntu 18.04, then I recommend you to have a look at the below article.

READ: How To Upgrade Ubuntu 16.04 LTS / 17.10 to Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

You can also install Ubuntu 18.04 alongside with Windows 10 or Windows 8.1 in dual boot.

READ: How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 Alongside With Windows 10 or 8 in Dual-Boot

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) on UEFI and Legacy BIOS System

Ubuntu 18.04 supports UEFI firmware and can boot on PCs with secure boot enabled. So, you can install Ubuntu 18.04 on UEFI systems and Legacy BIOS systems without any problems.

Step 1: Download Ubuntu 18.04 LTS ISO

Download Ubuntu 18.04 LTS desktop iso image from Ubuntu website.

Download Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Desktop

Step 2: Create a Live USB / Write a Bootable CD

Create Bootable CD/DVD

Windows:

Burn the downloaded Ubuntu OS image to a DVD using your favorite DVD burner in Windows.

Linux:

Replace /path/to/ubuntu-18.04-desktop-amd64.iso with the path to the downloaded ISO file.

growisofs -dvd-compat -Z /dev/sr0=/path/to/ubuntu-18.04-desktop-amd64.iso

Create a bootable USB disk

Windows:

Use Universal USB Installer (BIOS compatible) or Rufus (UEFI compatible) to create a bootable USB disk.

Linux:

Replace /path/to/ubuntu-18.04-desktop-amd64.iso with the path to the downloaded ISO file and /dev/sdx with your USB drive name.

dd bs=4M if=/path/to/ubuntu-18.04-desktop-amd64.iso of=/dev/sdx status=progress oflag=sync

Step 3: Boot from Live USB or CD

Power on your system and press F2, F10, F12 or DEL key to change/select the boot order.

To boot from Live USB, you need to select boot from USB or removable drive. To boot from CD, you need to select boot from CD/DVD ROM drive.

Step 4: Preparing to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Do not interrupt the booting of Ubuntu image. It may take a minute or two to boot fully.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Boot Screen
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Boot Screen

Once the system is fully booted from Live USB or CD, you will get an installer screen like below.

For installing the Ubuntu 18.04, click on the Install Ubuntu.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Welcome Screen
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Welcome Screen

Select your keyboard layout. If you are not sure, use the Detect Keyboard Layout option. You can also test your selection by typing in the test text box.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - KeyBoard Layout
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Keyboard Layout

On this screen, you need to select the apps for installation.

Normal Installation – If you select this option, you will get a graphical desktop environment with all regular software.
Minimal Installation – If you select this option, you will get a basic desktop environment with a browser and core system administration utilities.

You can either choose to install updates and other third-party software while installing Ubuntu 18.04 or leave as it is.

The updates and third-party software installation requires internet and installation may take an hour-long depends on the downloadable contents.

For this demo, I chose Ubuntu Normal installation without any updates and third-party software.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Normal Installation
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Normal Installation

Step 5. Create Partitions

Next is the installation type, this installation on the fresh HDD. So, I have only two option in the installation type. Depends on the other OS on your HDD you will get more options.

Please choose any one of the methods.

5a. Automatic Partitioning

Erase disk and install Ubuntu – The installer will format the entire hard drive and install the OS. The Ubuntu installer will take care of creating the required partitions for OS installation. Use this option if you don’t mind about partition layout and its size. Click Install Now.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Erase and Install Ubuntu
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Erase and Install Ubuntu

Once you clicked Install Now, the installer will ask you to confirm the auto partitioning. Click on Continue.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Automatic Partitioning
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Automatic Partitioning

5b. Manual Partitioning

Something else – Use this advanced option, if you want to create partitions manually with the custom size. Click the Continue button.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Custom Partitioning
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Custom Partitioning

In this page, the installer will list all the available hard disks. In my case, I have only one hard disk with the size of 100GB. Since this is a new disk, you must click on New Partition Table to create an empty partition.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Hard Drive List
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Hard Drive List

Pop up will ask you to confirm the creation of empty partition table. Click on Continue.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - New Partition Table
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – New Partition Table

We will now create three partitions. Partition details are shown below:

UEFI System:

EFI – 500MB

swap – 4098MB (2*RAM)

/ – Remaining (95GB)

Legacy BIOS:

/boot – 500MB

swap – 4098MB (2*RAM)

/ – Remaining (95GB)

Select the free space and then click on the + sign at the bottom to create a partition.

UEFI System: Following shows for EFI partition.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Create EFI Partition
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Create EFI Partition

Legacy BIOS: Following shows for /boot partition.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Create Boot Partition
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Create Boot Partition

Following screen shows for the swap partition. It is recommended to have the swap partition twice the size of the physical memory. If your system has enough memory, then you can choose not to have a swap partition.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Create swap Partition
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Create Swap Partition

Following is for / (root) partition. We will use the remaining space for / partition.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Create root Partition
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Create root Partition

Review your partition layout and click on Install Now.

UEFI System:

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - EFI System - Created Partitions
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – EFI System – Created Partitions

Legacy BIOS:

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Created Partitions
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Created Partitions

Write the changes to disk by clicking on Continue.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Confirm the partition creation
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Confirm the partition creation

Step 6: Additional Configurations

Select your location from the map and then click Continue.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Location
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Location

In this screen, you can create a username and password for the system. Also, set the hostname for your system.

Here is one thing you should remember – if you select Login automatically, then the system will directly take you to desktop without asking any credentials.

It’s best if you set a very secure password for your the user. Once it’s done, click on Continue.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - User Creation
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – User Creation

Step 7: Ubuntu 18.04 – Installation

Below screenshot shows installing Ubuntu 18.04.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Installation in Progress
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Installation in Progress

The installation will take at least 25 to 30 minutes. Once the installation is over, click on Restart Now.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Ubuntu 18.04 Installation Complete
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Ubuntu 18.04 Installation Complete

Once your machine is restarted, you will get a login window. Log in to your system with the username and password that you created earlier.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Ubuntu 18.04 Login Screen
Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Ubuntu 18.04 Login Screen

Step 8: Post installation

On successful login, you will get the below screen that gives a graphical representation of What’s is new in Ubuntu.

How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - What's in Ubuntu 16.04
How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – What’s in Ubuntu 16.04

If you are a subscriber to Ubuntu Advantage, then configure Livepatch that helps you apply critical kernel security fixes without rebooting your system.

How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Set up LivePacth
How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Set up LivePacth

You can either choose to send or not to send your system information to Canonical.

How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Send System Information
How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Send System Information

Ubuntu 18.04 is now ready for your use.

How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - Ready To Go
How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – Ready To Go

System Information:

How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) - About Ubuntu 16.04
How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) – About Ubuntu 16.04

If you are new to Ubuntu, then follow the below link to install necessary softwares for daily use and increase your productivity.

READ: Top 20 things to do after Ubuntu 18.04 Installation

That’s All.

Further Reading

You might also like

How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) on UEFI and Legacy BIOS System

0