How to Install MariaDB on Ubuntu 22.04
MariaDB is an open-source database server from the MariaDB Foundation, and it is a fork of the popular database management system MySQL.
Install MariaDB on Ubuntu 22.04
1. Install MariaDB from MariaDB Mirror
2. Install MariaDB from Ubuntu Repository
Installing MariaDB from the Ubuntu repository is a straightforward way. Ubuntu 22.04 comes with MariaDB v10.6.
First, use the
apt command to install MariaDB.
sudo apt update sudo apt install -y mariadb-server mariadb-client
Then, run the
mysql_secure_installation command to set the MariaDB root password and secure the installation of the MariaDB server.
NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and haven't set the root password yet, you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): << Just Press Enter OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password or using the unix_socket ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'. Switch to unix_socket authentication [Y/n] N << Disable Unix Socket Authentication ... skipping. You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'. Change the root password? [Y/n] Y << Set MariaDB root password New password: xxx << Enter new MariaDB root password Re-enter new password: xxx << Re-enter new MariaDB root password Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y << Remove Anonymous Users ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y << Disallow root login remotely ... Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y << Remove test database - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y << Reload privilege tables ... Success! Cleaning up... All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!
Access MariaDB Server
To access the MariaDB shell for creating databases or any database-related activities, run the following command on the terminal.
mysql -u root -p
Enter password: Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MariaDB connection id is 39 Server version: 10.6.7-MariaDB-2ubuntu1 Ubuntu 22.04 Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. MariaDB [(none)]>
Manage MariaDB service
If you want to start/stop the MariaDB, you can use the following command.
sudo systemctl start mariadb sudo systemctl stop mariadb
That’s All. Please share your feedback in the comments section.