Install Nagios 4.0.8 on Ubutu 14.10

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Nagios is the most widely used open source monitoring tools which help us to monitor the services and application that run’s on Windows,Linux,Routers and other network devices. With the help of Nagios you can monitor basic services and attributes. We can access the Nagios using web interface coming with the bundle and configuration need to be done on the file level.

Whats New:

  • Core Workers are lightweight process whose job is to perform checks, due to this they do perform checks much more quickly than the old process.
  • Nagios Core process using in-memory techniques, eliminating the disk I/O latencies that could previously slow things down in large installation.
  • Each configuration item is verified only once.
  • The host address attribute is now optional.
  • Bothe hosts and services now supports an hourly value attribute.

More feature can be found here.

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Services List:

This Tutorial describes how can you monitor “private” services and attributes of Linux/UNIX servers, such as:

Attributes:

  • CPU load
  • Memory usage
  • Disk usage
  • Logged in users
  • Running processes
  • etc.

Private Services:

  • HTTP
  • FTP
  • SSH
  • SMTP
  • etc

Install Nagios:

Switch to root user.

sudo su

Install the dependencies for Nagios 4.

apt-get update
apt-get install build-essential apache2 php5 openssl perl make php5-gd libgd2-xpm-dev libapache2-mod-php5 libperl-dev libssl-dev daemon wget apache2-utils

Create nagios user and nagcmd group (allowing the external commands to be executed through the web interface) , add the nagios and apache user to the part of nagcmd group.

useradd nagios
groupadd nagcmd
usermod -a -G nagcmd nagios
usermod -a -G nagcmd www-data
wget https://assets.nagios.com/downloads/nagioscore/releases/nagios-4.0.8.tar.gz
tar -zxvf /tmp/nagios-4.0.8.tar.gz
cd /tmp/nagios-4.0.7/

Compile and Install Nagios:

./configure --with-nagios-group=nagios --with-command-group=nagcmd --with-httpd_conf=/etc/apache2/sites-enabled/
make all
make install
make install-init
make install-config
make install-commandmode
make install-webconf

Configure Nagios:

Sample configuration files have now been installed in the /usr/local/nagios/etc directory. These sample files should work fine for getting started with Nagios. You’ll need to make just one change before you proceed…

Edit the /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/contacts.cfg config file with your favorite editor and change the email address associated with the nagiosadmin contact definition to the address you’d like to use for receiving alerts.

vi /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/contacts.cfg

Change the Email address field to receive the notification.

define contact{
contact_name nagiosadmin ; Short name of userus
generic-contact ; Inherit default values from generic-contact template (defined above)
alias Nagios Admin ; Full name of useremail
root@itzgeek.com ; <<***** CHANGE THIS TO YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS ******

Configure Web Interface:

Create a nagiosadmin account for logging into the Nagios web interface. Remember the password you assign to this account – you’ll need it later.

htpasswd -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin

Run the following command.

a2enmod cgi

Restart Apache to make the new settings take effect.

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Download and Install Nagios Plugins:

Download Nagios Plugins to /tmp directory.

cd /tmp
wget http://nagios-plugins.org/download/nagios-plugins-2.0.3.tar.gz
tar -zxvf /tmp/nagios-plugins-2.0.3.tar.gz
cd /tmp/nagios-plugins-2.0.3/

Compile and install the plugins.

./configure --with-nagios-user=nagios --with-nagios-group=nagios
make
make install

Starting Nagios:

Verify the sample Nagios configuration files.

/usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg

If there are no errors, start Nagios.

/etc/init.d/nagios start

Access Web Interface:

Now access the Nagios web interface using the following URL. You’ll be prompted for the username (nagiosadmin) and password you specified earlier.

http://ip-address/nagios/

 

Ubuntu 14.10 - Nagios Host Status
Ubuntu 14.10 – Nagios Host Status
That’s All. Hope this helped you, please post your valuable comments below.
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  • Utha

    Do u know why i cant get email alert notification with this tutorial?
    thanks

    • Raj

      Dear Utha,

      Take a look here

  • smhelg

    Hello. check_snmp does not work with this tutorial. Do you have a tutorial on how to get it working?

  • Lnagios

    Could someone please tell me how come Nagios won’t start and gives the following error: Could not read object configurations data. The verify cfg command says no errors in pre flight check. DID NOT EDIT contacts left as is because it doesn’t like my gmail email. Any help please this is for a college class

    • Raj

      Plese check the directory permission and make sure www-data has access.

  • hELPME

    When trying to log in ip/nagios

    i type in my admin username and password and get greeted with this webpage:
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    Internal Server Error

    The server encountered an internal error…

  • Raj

    Check the permission of nagios directory and try to verify config files

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