How to Install Docker on Fedora 27 / Fedora 26/25

0

Docker is an open source container virtualization technology that has gained immense popularity in recent times, and it offers a more efficient way to deploy an application. With Docker, the application resides inside the container on top of the base OS (Linux operating system).

Docker uses the Kernel features such as cgroups and namespace to allow the independent container to run on single os instance.

Docker supports Fedora 27, Fedora 26, and Fedora 25, runs only on the 64-bit operating system.

Docker Editions

Docker is now coming in two editions,

  • Community Edition (CE)
  • Enterprise Edition (EE)

In this article, we will install Docker Comunity Edition (CE) on Fedora.

Prerequisites

Remove old versions:

Remove the package named “docker” or “docker-engine” along with its dependencies. If your machine does not have a Docker package, then skip the below step.

dnf remove -y docker docker-common container-selinux docker-selinux docker-engine

Important contents such as images, volumes, and networks under /var/lib/docker/ are preserved.

Install Docker

The Docker community package is now called “docker-ce“. Let’s add the Docker CE repository on your machine.

dnf -y install curl
curl -o /etc/yum.repos.d/docker-ce.repo https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/docker-ce.repo

Now, install the latest version of Docker community edition using dnf command.

dnf -y install docker-ce
If you may want to install a particular version of Docker CE then you can append a version like docker-ce-[version] in dnf command.
Eg: dnf -y install docker-ce-17.03.1.ce-1.fc25

Working with Docker

Now, you have Docker installed on your machine. Start the Docker service in case if it is not started automatically after the installation

systemctl start docker
systemctl enable docker

Run your first Docker container

# docker run -it fedora echo Hello-World

When you run a “docker run” command, docker starts a container with Fedora base image. By default, Docker checks locally for base images; if it is not found, it will start downloading the base image from Docker Registry or Docker private registry.s

Since we are running this Fedora container for the first time, the output will look like below.

Unable to find image 'fedora:latest' locally
latest: Pulling from library/fedora
a8ee583972c2: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:25f7dac76b2c88d8b7e0b1d6213d3406e77c7f230bfa1e66bd1cbb81a944eaaf
Status: Downloaded newer image for fedora:latest
Hello-World

Once the image has been downloaded, Docker will start the container and echo the command “Hello-World” in the console.

Install Docker on Fedora 27 - Docker Container
Install Docker on Fedora 27 – Docker Container

Managing Docker as a non-root user

As you can see in my command, I had to run docker commands as the root user. To avoid this, you can follow below instruction to allow non-root users to run Docker containers.

Create a group called “docker“, run the following commands with root privileges.

# groupadd docker

Add a user that is to be a part of docker group, replace “raj” with your own username.

# useradd raj

Add a user to docker group.

# usermod -aG docker raj

Change the permission.

# chown root:docker /var/run/docker.sock

Now, you will be able to run the Docker engine with a non-root user.

Here are some interesting tutorials for you to get started:

1: Top Important Docker Commands – Working with Docker Containers

2: Working with Docker Images – Building Docker Images

3: How to Build Docker Images with DockerFile

That’s All.

You might also like

How to Install Docker on Fedora 27 / Fedora 26/25

0