How To Install Nagios 4.4.3 on RHEL 8

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Nagios is a free, open source monitoring tool which helps us to monitor services and applications that run on Windows, Linux, Routers and other network devices.

With the help of Nagios graphical interface, you can monitor basic services (FTP, HTTP, SSH, etc..) and attributes (system load, memory, CPU usage, etc.).

In this post, we will see how to install Nagios on RHEL 8 and how to monitor application services with Nagios plugins.

Prerequisites

Nagios requires Web Server (httpd), PHP, compilers and development libraries.

Install all packages in a single command.

yum -y install httpd php gcc glibc glibc-common wget perl gd gd-devel unzip zip

Create a user and group for allowing the external commands to be executed through the web interface. Add the user and apache user to be a part of the created group.

useradd nagios
groupadd nagcmd
usermod -a -G nagcmd nagios
usermod -a -G nagcmd apache

Install Nagios

Download the Nagios Core from the official site using the terminal.

cd /tmp/
wget https://assets.nagios.com/downloads/nagioscore/releases/nagios-4.4.3.tar.gz
tar -zxvf nagios-4.4.3.tar.gz
cd /tmp/nagios-4.4.3

Compile and install Nagios core on your system.

./configure --with-nagios-group=nagios --with-command-group=nagcmd
make all
make install
make install-init
make install-config
make install-commandmode

Install Nagios Web Interface

Install the Nagios web interface using the following command.

make install-webconf

Create a user account (nagiosadmin) for the Nagios web interface. Remember the password that you set for this user – you will need it later.

htpasswd -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin

Restart Apache web server.

systemctl restart httpd
systemctl enable httpd

Configure Nagios

Nagios places configuration files under the /usr/local/nagios/etc directory. The default configurations should work just fine for Nagios.

We will make just one change before we proceed.

Edit the /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/contacts.cfg config file and change the email address associated with the nagiosadmin contact definition to your email address to receive alerts.

vi /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/contacts.cfg

Replace the email address field to receive the notification.

define contact {

    contact_name            nagiosadmin             ; Short name of user
    use                     generic-contact         ; Inherit default values from generic-contact template (defined above)
    alias                   Nagios Admin            ; Full name of user
    email                   [email protected] ; <<***** CHANGE THIS TO YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS ******
}

Install Nagios Plugins

Download Nagios Plugins to /tmp directory and extract it.

cd /tmp
wget https://nagios-plugins.org/download/nagios-plugins-2.2.1.tar.gz
tar -zxvf nagios-plugins-2.2.1.tar.gz
cd /tmp/nagios-plugins-2.2.1/

Compile and install the Nagios plugins.

./configure --with-nagios-user=nagios --with-nagios-group=nagios
make
make install

Start Nagios

Verify the sample Nagios configuration files.

/usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg

Output:

Nagios Core 4.4.3
Copyright (c) 2009-present Nagios Core Development Team and Community Contributors
Copyright (c) 1999-2009 Ethan Galstad
Last Modified: 2019-01-15
License: GPL

Website: https://www.nagios.org
Reading configuration data...
   Read main config file okay...
   Read object config files okay...

Running pre-flight check on configuration data...

Checking objects...
        Checked 8 services.
        Checked 1 hosts.
        Checked 1 host groups.
        Checked 0 service groups.
        Checked 1 contacts.
        Checked 1 contact groups.
        Checked 24 commands.
        Checked 5 time periods.
        Checked 0 host escalations.
        Checked 0 service escalations.
Checking for circular paths...
        Checked 1 hosts
        Checked 0 service dependencies
        Checked 0 host dependencies
        Checked 5 timeperiods
Checking global event handlers...
Checking obsessive compulsive processor commands...
Checking misc settings...

Total Warnings: 0
Total Errors:   0

Things look okay - No serious problems were detected during the pre-flight check

If there are no errors, start the Nagios service.

systemctl start nagios

Enable Nagios on system startup.

systemctl enable nagios

Check Nagios service status with the below command.

Nagios Service Status
Nagios Service Status

SELinux

See if SELinux is in Enforcing mode.

getenforce

Change SELinux mode to Permissive or disable.

setenforce 0

To make this SELinux mode permanent, modify /etc/selinux/config and reboot the system.

Firewall

Create a firewall rule to allow web server access through the firewall.

firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http
firewall-cmd --reload

Access Nagios Web Interface

Access the Nagios web interface using the below URL.

http://ip-add-re-ss/nagios/

You will need to use the username (nagiosadmin) and password you specified earlier to access Nagios web interface.

Install Nagios 4.4.3 on RHEL 8 - Nagios Login Page
Install Nagios 4.4.3 on RHEL 8 – Nagios Login Page

Nagios console will look like below.

Install Nagios 4.4.3 on RHEL 8 - Nagios Dashboard
Install Nagios 4.4.3 on RHEL 8 – Nagios Dashboard

After you logged in to Nagios web interface, click on Hosts in the left pane to see a list of systems being monitored by Nagios.

Install Nagios 4.4.3 on RHEL 8 - Nagios Hosts List
Install Nagios 4.4.3 on RHEL 8 – Nagios Hosts List

Since we have not added any host to Nagios, it just monitors the localhost itself.

Click on Services in the left pane to check the status of any services that are being monitored with Nagios.

Install Nagios 4.4.3 on RHEL 8 - Nagios Services Monitoring Page
Install Nagios 4.4.3 on RHEL 8 – Nagios Services Monitoring Page

Conclusion

In this post, you have learned how to install Nagios on RHEL 8 and configured Nagios to monitor the services with the help of Nagios plugins. At this moment, Nagios monitors the server itself. You can also monitor Remote Linux System with Nagios with NRPE add-on.

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