How To Install Nextcloud On RHEL 8

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NextCloud is a free and open-source web suite that provides cloud storage over the network, a fork of ownCloud. It is similar to Dropbox that permits you to store and share your documents, pictures, and videos in a centralized location.

Nextcloud offers clients for desktop operating systems such as Windows, macOS, and Linux and also for Android and iOS.

The opensource version of Nextcloud is released under GNU Affero General Public License. You can get professional support by subscribing to Nextcloud Enterprise.

In this post, we will see how to Install Nextcloud on RHEL 8.

Prerequisites

Install Web Server

Install the Apache server and other utilities.

yum install -y @httpd wget bzip2

Install PHP

Install PHP 7.x and its extensions using the yum command.

yum install -y php php-mysqlnd php-common php-json php-xml  php-gd php-mbstring php-process  php-pecl-zip php-pdo php-intl  php-ldap

Install MariaDB

Nextcloud supports SQLite, MySQL/MariaDB, Oracle or PostgreSQL database. For this demo, we will use MariaDB for Nextcloud.

yum install -y @mariadb

Start Services

Start the Apache and MariaDB service using the following command.

systemctl start httpd

systemctl start mariadb

Enable both Apache and MariaDB service to start automatically at system start-up.

systemctl enable httpd

systemctl enable mariadb

Install Nextcloud

Create Database

If you are setting up a MariaDB database for the first time, then consider securing it.

READ: Secure MariaDB with mysql_secure_installation

Login to the MariaDB server.

mysql -u root -p

Create a database called nextclouddb.

create database nextclouddb;

Grant permission to nextclouduser on the nextclouddb database on localhost with a predefined password.

grant all on nextclouddb.* to 'nextclouduser'@'localhost' identified by 'password';

Exit from the MariaDB prompt.

quit

Download Nextcloud

Nextcloud provides archives for server admins to download and manually set it up on top of the LAMP stack. Download the latest version of Nextcloud with the below command in the terminal.

cd /tmp/ 

wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/latest.tar.bz2

Extract the Nextcloud archive package using the tar command.

tar -jxvf latest.tar.bz2

Move the extracted files to the document root of Apache /var/www/html and then create the data directory to store the user’s data.

mv nextcloud /var/www/html/ 

mkdir /var/www/html/nextcloud/data

Update ownership of files inside the NextCloud directory so that apache user can write the data into it.

chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/nextcloud/

SELinux

Run below commands to set SELinux context to allow NextCloud to write data inside its important directories.

yum install -y policycoreutils-python-utils

semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/var/www/html/nextcloud/data'
semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/var/www/html/nextcloud/config(/.*)?'
semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/var/www/html/nextcloud/apps(/.*)?'
semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/var/www/html/nextcloud/3rdparty(/.*)?'
semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/var/www/html/nextcloud/.htaccess'
semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/var/www/html/nextcloud/.user.ini'

restorecon -Rv '/var/www/html/nextcloud/'

Firewall

Create a firewall rule to allow access from external machines to the Nextcloud.

firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http

firewall-cmd --reload

Set Up NextCloud

Open your web browser, point it to:

http://your-ip-add-ress/nextcloud

The browser will take you to NextCloud setup page where you can begin the setup of NextCloud.

Enter user details (username and password) to create an admin account, data folder location where all of your documents get saved, and the database information.

You can choose either SQLite or MySQL/MariaDB as a database for Nextcloud.

To use SQLite database, you can just click Finish Setup without entering database information (Using SQLite is not recommended for production use). To use MariaDB, enter MariaDB database user, password, and database name.

Install Nextcloud on RHEL 8 – Setup Nextcloud
Install Nextcloud on RHEL 8 – Setup Nextcloud

Access Nextcloud

Upon completing the setup, you will get the below page. Click close.

Nextcloud Tour
Nextcloud Tour

You will now get the below page. You can start uploading your contents using the + sign button.

Install Nextcloud on RHEL 8 – Upload Files to Nextcloud
Install Nextcloud on RHEL 8 – Upload Files to Nextcloud

Conclusion

That’s All. You have successfully installed Nextcloud on RHEL 8. As a security measure, you can consider enabling HTTPS for Nextcloud.

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