How To Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

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Nextcloud is an open source file synchronization and sharing solution. It is like a Google Drive / Dropbox that permits you to store and share your documents, pictures, and videos in a centralized location.

READ: How To Integrate Google Drive on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

READ: How To Install Dropbox on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

System Requirements

Nextcloud runs on top of the LAMP stack,

Linux: Ubuntu 18.04, Redhat Enterprise Linux 7, CentOS 7, Debian 9.

Apache 2.4 with mod_php

Database: MariaDB or MySQL, PostgreSQL 9 / 10, Oracle 11g.

PHP 7.1+

Nextcloud Enterprise is also available with full enterprise support, including phone and email access to Nextcloud developers.

Features

  • Access your files anywhere.
  • Share your files with the others and protect the public links with a password.
  • Supports Two-factor authentication
  • Tracking changes to your files.
  • Access files stored in external cloud storage service providers like as Amazon, Google, and Dropbox.

More here.

Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 18.04

You can set up Nextcloud on Ubuntu using Snap or LAMP stack (Official archive).

1: Install Nextcloud using snap

Install Nextcloud

You can easily install Nextcloud using the Snap command.

sudo snap install nextcloud

Output:

nextcloud 15.0.8snap2 from 'nextcloud' installed

The Nextcloud installation may take a few minutes to complete. Verify the Nextcloud installation using the below command.

sudo snap list nextcloud

Output:

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Name       Version      Rev    Tracking  Publisher   Notes
nextcloud  15.0.8snap2  13453  stable    nextcloud*  -

Setup Nextcloud

Open a browser and navigate it to Nextcloud URL.

http://your-ip-addr-ess/

Create an admin account then click Finish setup.

Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 18.04 using Snap - Setup Nextcloud
Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 18.04 using Snap – Setup Nextcloud

Close the popup.

Tour Of Nextcloud
Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 18.04 using Snap – Tour Of Nextcloud

You will now get the home page of Nextcloud where you can upload or download your documents.

Nextcloud Home Page
Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 18.04 using Snap – Nextcloud

2: Install Nextcloud using Offical Archive

Prerequisites

We will install the necessary PHP extension for NextCloud.

sudo apt update

sudo apt install -y php-gd php-json php-mysql php-curl php-mbstring php-intl php-imagick php-xml php-zip php-sqlite3

Now, we will install the Apache web server and MariaDB server for Nextcloud.

sudo apt install -y apache2 mariadb-server libapache2-mod-php bzip2

You need to enable a few modules to get NextCloud work properly.

sudo a2enmod rewrite

You can also enable additional Apache modules.

sudo a2enmod headers

sudo a2enmod dir

sudo a2enmod env

sudo a2enmod mime

Restart the Apache service.

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Download Nextcloud

NextCloud offers you the zipped archives for server admin’s to download and manually set it up on top of a LAMP stack.

cd /tmp/

wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/latest.tar.bz2

tar -jxvf latest.tar.bz2

sudo mv nextcloud /var/www/html/

sudo mkdir /var/www/html/nextcloud/data

Update the ownership of files inside the NextCloud root directory so that web server can write data into it.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/nextcloud/

Create Database

If you are setting up a MariaDB server for the first time, then

READ: How To Secure MariaDB Server with mysql_secure_installation

Ensure MariaDB server service is running.

Log in to MariaDB server using the root user to create a database.

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You do not need to enter the root password when you execute the mysql with sudo, and just press enter when MariaDB prompts for the root password.
sudo mysql -u root -p

Create a database called “nextclouddb

create database nextclouddb;

Grant “nextclouduser” to access the “nextclouddb” database on localhost with a password “password“.

grant all on nextclouddb.* to 'nextclouduser'@'localhost' identified by 'password';

Exit from the MariaDB prompt.

quit

Setup NextCloud

Open a web browser and navigate to it Nextcloud setup.

http://your-ip-addr-ess/nextcloud

Fill up the setup page with username and password for creating an admin account, the location of the data folder and the database details.

You can choose either SQLite or MariaDB. If you decided to use the SQLite database, then you do not have to enter database details. Using SQLite server in a production environment is not recommended, so, we will use MariaDB here.

Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 18.04 - Setup Nextcloud
Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 18.04 – Setup Nextcloud

Click close to close the popup.

Tour Of Nextcloud
Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 18.04 – Tour Of Nextcloud

You will now get the home page of NextCloud. Click the “+ sign” button and then Upload File to begin uploading files.

Nextcloud Home Page
Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 18.04 – Nextcloud

Conclusion

I hope you have understood how to install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 18.04. As a security measure, you can consider enabling HTTPS for Nextcloud. Please share your feedback in the comments section.

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