How to Install Lighttpd With PHP5 FastCGI And MySQL On Fedora 20


Security, speed, compliance, and flexibility — all of these describe lighttpd (pron. lighty) which is rapidly redefining efficiency of a webserver; as it is designed and optimized for high performance environments. With a small memory footprint compared to other web-servers, effective management of the cpu-load, and advanced feature set (FastCGI, SCGI, Auth, Output-Compression, URL-Rewriting and many more) lighttpd is the perfect solution for every server that is suffering load problems. And best of all it’s Open Source licensed under the revised BSD license.

Here i will explain you the installation of Lighttd with PHP and MySQL on Fedora 20.

Installing Lighttpd:

To start off we will install Lighttpd.

Open up the Terminal and Switch to root user.

[raj@itzgeek~/]$ su

Type following Command on the Terminal and then press enter.

[root@itzgeek~/]# yum install lighttpd

Start the Lighttpd by using the following command.

[root@itzgeek~/]# systemctl start lighttpd.service

To make the apache to start during the every boot, Type the following on terminal and hit Enter.

[root@itzgeek~/]# systemctl enable lighttpd.service

Testing Lighttpd:

To make sure everything installed correctly we will now test Lighttpd to ensure it is working properly. Open up any web browser and then enter the following into the web address:

 https://localhost/  or  https://your.ip.addr.ess

You will get the web page saying “Powered by lighttpd”, lighttpd’s default document root is /var/www/lighttpd on Fedora; the configuration file is /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf and additional configurations are stored in the /etc/lighttpd/conf.d/ directory.

Fedora 20- Lighttpd Home Page
Fedora 20- Lighttpd Home Page

Installing MySQL:

Next is the installation of MariaDB server, MariaDB is available on Fedora package; so just issue the following command to install it.

[root@itzgeek~/]# yum install mariadb mariadb-server php-mysql

Start MySQL server.

[root@itzgeek~/]# systemctl start mariadb.service

To make the MariaDB to start during the every boot, Type the following on terminal and hit Enter.

[root@itzgeek~/]# systemctl enable mariadb.service

Next is to make the MariaDB secure by using the mysql_secure_installation command.

This program enables you to improve the security of your MySQL installation in the following ways:

  • You can set a password for root accounts.
  • You can remove root accounts that are accessible from outside the local host.
  • You can remove anonymous-user accounts.
  • You can remove the test database (which by default can be accessed by all users, even anonymous users), and privileges that permit anyone to access databases with names that start with test_.

[root@geeksite~/]# mysql_secure_installation


In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we’ll need the current
password for the root user.  If you’ve just installed MariaDB, and
you haven’t set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):  <— Enter Current root password
OK, successfully used password, moving on…

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n] y   <— Set root password
New password:   <— Enter root password
Re-enter new password:     <— Re enter root password
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
… Success!

By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y    <— Remove anonymous user
… Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from ‘localhost’.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y    <— root remote login
… Success!

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named ‘test’ that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y   <— Remove the test database
– Dropping test database…
… Success!
– Removing privileges on test database…
… Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y   <— Save the changes
… Success!

Cleaning up…

All done!  If you’ve completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

Installing PHP5:

Next is to install PHP 5 on Fedora with FastCGI, fedora provides a FastCGI-enabled PHP5 package. We can install by issuing the following command.

[root@itzgeek~/]# yum install php-cli lighttpd-fastcgi

Configuring PHP 5:

To enable PHP5 in Lighttpd, you will have to modify the configuration file /etc/php.ini and uncomment the line cgi.fix_pathinfo=1:

[root@itzgeek~/]#  vi /etc/php.ini 





Enabling FastCGI:

To enable the FastCGI we need to edit the following file.

[root@itzgeek~/]# vi /etc/lighttpd/modules.conf

Uncomment the line [Line No:132].

include "conf.d/fastcgi.conf"

Create and Enable the permission to run Lighttpd.

[root@itzgeek~/]# mkdir /var/run/lighttpd
[root@geeksite~/]# chown lighttpd.lighttpd /var/run/lighttpd

Edit the following file to configure FastCGI.

[root@itzgeek~/]# vi /etc/lighttpd/conf.d/fastcgi.conf

Add the following lines at the end of the file.

fastcgi.server = ( “.php” =>
( “localhost” =>
“socket” => “/var/run/lighttpd/php-fastcgi.socket”,
“bin-path” => “/usr/bin/php-cgi”,
“max-procs” => 5,
“bin-environment” => (
“PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS” => “10000” ),
“broken-scriptfilename” => “enable”

Now restart all the required services.

[root@itzgeek~/]# systemctl restart lighttpd.service
[root@itzgeek~/]# systemctl restart mysqld.service

Testing PHP:

For testing the PHP, Place one PHP file on to the default directory of the Lighttpd. The document root of the default web site is /var/www/lighttpd. We will now create a small PHP file (info.php) in that directory and call it in a browser. The file will display lots of useful details about our PHP installation, such as the installed PHP version.

In the terminal copy/paste the following line:

[root@itzgeek~/]# vi /var/www/lighttpd/info.php

This will open up a file called info.php.

Copy/Paste this line into the phpinfo file:


Save and close the file. use Esc + ;wq for saving the file.

Now open you’re web browser and type the following into the web address:

https://localhost/info.php or https://your.ip.add-ress/info.php

The page will look like below:

Fedora 20- PHP CGI Support
Fedora 20- PHP CGI Support

Scroll down the browser to modules section to check the support for the MySQL. you will get the screen like below.

Fedora 20- MariaDB Support
Fedora 20- MariaDB Support

That’s All!


Thanks to Christian Foronda for providing the FastCGI configuration.

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