Install WordPress with Nginx 1.6 on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7

 

 

WordPress is the most widely used open source web blogging and content management software written in php and MySQL, even ITzGeek uses WordPress. Here is the small tutorial on setting up WordPress installation with Nginx on CentOS 7.

Prerequisites:

Before proceeding, you might want to look at the following.

1. Install EMP (Nginx, MariaDB and PHP) on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7

2. Install phpMyAdmin with Nginx on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7 (Optional)

Configuring Nginx:

Lets create a virtual host for WordPress installation, virtual host configuration files can be found in /etc/nginx/conf.d directory. Normally virtual host files contain domain name, port number, document root, log location, fast cgi, etc,. We have to keep that in mind before creating the file.

Assume the following,

Domain name : wordpress.itzgeek.com
Port No : 80
Document root: /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com
Logs : /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com/logs

Create a virtual host.

vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/wordpress.conf

Place the following content.

server {
listen 80;
server_name wordpress.itzgeek.com;
 
access_log /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com/logs/access.log;
error_log /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com/logs/error.log;
 
location / {
root /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com;
index index.php index.html index.htm;
 
if (-f $request_filename) {
expires 30d;
break;
}
 
if (!-e $request_filename) {
rewrite ^(.+)$ /index.php?q=$1 last;
}
}
 
location ~ .php$ {
fastcgi_pass   localhost:9000;  # port where FastCGI processes were spawned
fastcgi_index  index.php;
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME   /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com$fastcgi_script_name;  # same path as above
fastcgi_param PATH_INFO               $fastcgi_script_name;
include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
}
}

Create document root and logs directory.

mkdir /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com
mkdir /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com/logs

Verify the configuration files.

nginx -t

If you get the following,  it means that virtual host entries are correct.

nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

Restart the services.

systemctl restart nginx.service
systemctl restart php-fpm.service

Creating database:

Login into MariaDB.

mysql -u root -p

Create the desired database for WordPress.

CREATE DATABASE wordpress;

Create a user.

CREATE USER 'wpuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'wppassword';

Grant the permission to the created user to access database.

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO 'wpuser'@'localhost';

Configuring WordPress:

Download the latest WordPress.

wget http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz

Extract it.

tar -zxvf latest.tar.gz

Move it to our document root.

mv wordpress/* /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com

Copy the wp-sample-config.php file and make it as wp-config.php file.

cp /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com/wp-config-sample.php /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com/wp-config.php

Edit the config file and mention the database information.

vi /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com/wp-config.php

Default will look like below.

// ** MySQL settings – You can get this info from your web host ** //
/** The name of the database for WordPress */
define(‘DB_NAME’, ‘database_name_here‘);
/** MySQL database username */
define(‘DB_USER’, ‘username_here‘);
/** MySQL database password */
define(‘DB_PASSWORD’, ‘password_here‘);
/** MySQL hostname */
define(‘DB_HOST’, ‘localhost‘);

Modified entries according to the created database user and database will look like.

// ** MySQL settings – You can get this info from your web host ** //
/** The name of the database for WordPress */
define(‘DB_NAME’, ‘wordpress‘);
/** MySQL database username */
define(‘DB_USER’, ‘wpuser‘);
/** MySQL database password */
define(‘DB_PASSWORD’, ‘wppassword‘);
/** MySQL hostname */
define(‘DB_HOST’, ‘localhost‘);

Make nginx user as the owner to WordPress directory.

chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com/

Install WordPress:

Open your browser and visit http://fqdn /  http://wordpress.itzgeek.com, enter the site information and click on Install WordPress.

CentOS 7 -  WordPress with Nginx - Installation page
CentOS 7 – WordPress with Nginx – Installation page

You will see the next page like below.

CentOS 7 -  WordPress with Nginx - Installed Sucessfully
CentOS 7 – WordPress with Nginx – Installed Sucessfully

If you click on continue, you will be asked to enter the password to access the WordPress admin section.

CentOS 7 -  WordPress with Nginx - Login page
CentOS 7 – WordPress with Nginx – Login page

The following screen shot shows you server information using System Information plugin, it is clearly showing the Server software as Nginx 1.6.1.

CentOS 7 -  WordPress with Nginx - System Information
CentOS 7 – WordPress with Nginx – System Information

That’s All!.

 

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  • Florian Miesenberger

    Should it mean …
    chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com/

    … instead as:
    chown -R apache:apache /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.itzgeek.com/

    • Raj

      Hi,

      Have updated the article

  • Follower

    This lead me to “nginx: [emerg] open() “/usr/share/nginx/wordpress.tostasqb.com/logs/access.log” failed (13: Permission denied)” when restarting services (before creating databases).

    • Raj

      Please run this
      chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/share/nginx/wordpress.tostasqb.com/

  • Henry

    Make the apache user as the owner to WordPress directory. ???

    Since we use nginx I am curious why this is standing >twice< in your tutorial.
    You should also update twice to nginx:nginx to keep it correct!
    (Else future commenters will follow with issues cause missing updates as needed)

    • Raj

      Dear henry,

      Thanks, have updated the article

  • Jerry

    Is this still up to date? I have to move a wordpress site from an existing windows box to a centOS 7 machine.

    • its some what old article, it expect that it would be same for all updated version

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