How To Install GNOME GUI on RHEL 8

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If you chose RHEL 8 to be installed as a minimal server at the time of installation, you would only get a command line mode. To get a graphical mode, you would need to install GNOME desktop packages on Redhat Enterprise Linux 8.

READ: Step by Step Guide To Install RHEL 8 with Screenshots

This guide will help you to install GNOME GUI on RHEL 8 on the top of the minimal server installation.

The steps mentioned in this article will only work if you have enabled RHEL 8 subscription or configured the local yum repository on your system.

I recommend you to configure a local YUM repository for faster installation.

READ: How To Configure the YUM repository using DVD on RHEL 8

First, list down the available package groups for RHEL 8.

yum group list

Output:

Available Environment Groups:
   Server with GUI
   Server
   Workstation
   Virtualization Host
   Custom Operating System
Installed Environment Groups:
   Minimal Install
Available Groups:
   Container Management
   .NET Core Development
   RPM Development Tools
   Smart Card Support
   Development Tools
   Graphical Administration Tools
   Headless Management
   Legacy UNIX Compatibility
   Network Servers
   Scientific Support
   Security Tools
   System Tools
The packages which we install for GNOME desktop are part of “Server with GUI” package group.

Install Gnome GUI using the YUM command.

yum groupinstall "Server with GUI"

Output:

.			.			.
.			.			.


 udisks2-iscsi                      x86_64 2.8.0-2.el8                       LocalRepo_AppStream  45 k
 udisks2-lvm2                       x86_64 2.8.0-2.el8                       LocalRepo_AppStream  68 k
 webkit2gtk3-plugin-process-gtk2    x86_64 2.22.6-1.el8                      LocalRepo_AppStream  11 M
 adcli                              x86_64 0.8.2-2.el8                       LocalRepo_BaseOS    102 k
 p11-kit-server                     x86_64 0.23.14-4.el8                     LocalRepo_BaseOS    237 k
 sssd-proxy                         x86_64 2.0.0-43.el8                      LocalRepo_BaseOS    122 k
Enabling module streams:
 container-tools                           rhel8
 llvm-toolset                              rhel8
 perl-DBD-SQLite                           1.58
 perl-DBI                                  1.641
 python36                                  3.6
 virt                                      rhel
Installing Environment Groups:
 Server with GUI
Installing Groups:
 Container Management
 Core
 Fonts
 GNOME
 Guest Desktop Agents
 Hardware Monitoring Utilities
 Hardware Support
 Headless Management
 Internet Browser
 Multimedia
 Common NetworkManager submodules
 Printing Client
 Server product core
 Standard

Transaction Summary
=======================================================================================================
Install  916 Packages

Total size: 755 M
Installed size: 2.3 G
Is this ok [y/N]: y

Downloading Packages:
Running transaction check
Transaction check succeeded.
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded.
Running transaction
  Running scriptlet: kmod-kvdo-6.2.0.293-50.el8.x86_64                                             1/1
  Preparing        :                                                                               1/1
  Installing       : gdk-pixbuf2-2.36.12-2.el8.x86_64                                            1/916
  Running scriptlet: gdk-pixbuf2-2.36.12-2.el8.x86_64                                            1/916
  Installing       : atk-2.28.1-1.el8.x86_64                                                     2/916
  Installing       : fontpackages-filesystem-1.44-22.el8.noarch                                  3/916
  Installing       : perl-Exporter-5.72-396.el8.noarch                                           4/916
  Installing       : perl-libs-4:5.26.3-416.el8.x86_64 [===================================  ]   5/916

  
.			.			.
.			.			.  


  tpm2-tools-3.1.1-4.el8.x86_64
  tpm2-tss-2.0.0-4.el8.x86_64
  usb_modeswitch-data-20170806-2.el8.noarch
  userspace-rcu-0.10.1-2.el8.x86_64
  wpa_supplicant-1:2.7-1.el8.x86_64
  xml-common-0.6.3-50.el8.noarch
  xmlrpc-c-1.51.0-5.el8.x86_64
  xmlrpc-c-client-1.51.0-5.el8.x86_64

Complete!

Issue the following command to enable the GUI as default so that the system will boot into graphical mode.

systemctl set-default graphical

Output:

Removed /etc/systemd/system/default.target.
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/default.target → /usr/lib/systemd/system/graphical.target.

Reboot the system to boot into the graphical mode.

reboot

Post reboot, login with your user account.

RHEL 8 GNOME Login Screen
RHEL 8 GNOME Login Screen

RHEL 8 desktop will look like below.

RHEL 8 GNOME Desktop
RHEL 8 GNOME Desktop

System Information:

RHEL 8 System Information
RHEL 8 System Information

You have successfully installed GNOME GUI on RHEL 8.

That’s All.

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