How To Upgrade From RHEL 7 to RHEL 8

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Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 has been released on May 7th, 2019. This new release comes with lots of new features and an option to upgrade from RHEL 7 to RHEL 8.

In my previous post, I explained the Step by Step installation RHEL 8, and it was a clean installation of OS. As I said earlier, it is now possible to upgrade from Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 to Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 with the help of Leapp utility.

In this post, we will see how to upgrade from RHEL 7 to RHEL 8.

System Requirements

  • RHEL 7.6 x86_64 System
  • Server Variant
  • At least 100MB free space on /boot partition

Pre-Upgrade Tasks

System Backup

Make sure you run a full system backup with the backup tool that your organization is using or take a virtual machine snapshot if the server is a virtual machine.

This task is a very important pre-upgrade activity which helps you get a system back to what it was before the upgrade in case of any problem post upgrade to RHEL 8.

Register System

Make sure you have enabled RHEL subscription on your system by registering it with Red Hat. If not, use the below command to register the system.

subscription-manager register
Register System With Red Hat
Register System With Red Hat

Assign a Red Hat Enterprise Linux server subscription to the system using the below command. This command will assign subscription automatically based on the operating system.

subscription-manager attach --auto
Assign Red Hat Server Subscription To System
Assign Red Hat Server Subscription To System

Verify the attached subscription with the below command.

subscription-manager list --installed
Verify Red Hat Subscription
Verify Red Hat Subscription

Prepare System for Upgrade

If you see the above output, my system is RHEL 7.5, and it needs to update to RHEL 7.6. So, to avoid the server being upgraded to a later version (Ex. RHEL 7.7 in future), we will set RHEL 7.6 as a starting point for the upgrade.

You need to set RHEL 7.6 as a starting point for the upgrade even the server is already RHEL 7.6.
subscription-manager release --set 7.6
Set RHEL 7.6 As Starting Point
Set RHEL 7.6 As Starting Point

If you use yum versionlock (It restricts yum to install or upgrade a package to upgrade to a specific version not to a later version), clear the lock by running:

yum versionlock clear

Since I don’t use yum versionlock, I got an error while running the above command.

Clear yum version lock
Clear yum version lock

Update all packages to the latest version.

yum -y update

Output:

Loaded plugins: product-id, search-disabled-repos, subscription-manager
rhel-7-server-rpms                                            | 3.5 kB  00:00:00
(1/3): rhel-7-server-rpms/x86_64/updateinfo                   | 3.1 MB  00:00:02
(2/3): rhel-7-server-rpms/x86_64/group                        | 774 kB  00:00:01
(3/3): rhel-7-server-rpms/x86_64/primary_db                   |  55 MB  00:00:12
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package GeoIP.x86_64 0:1.5.0-11.el7 will be updated
---> Package GeoIP.x86_64 0:1.5.0-13.el7 will be an update
---> Package NetworkManager.x86_64 1:1.10.2-13.el7 will be updated

.    .    .
.    .    .

 python-backports             x86_64 1.0-8.el7              rhel-7-server-rpms 5.8 k
 python-backports-ssl_match_hostname
                              noarch 3.5.0.1-1.el7          rhel-7-server-rpms  13 k
 python-ipaddress             noarch 1.0.16-2.el7           rhel-7-server-rpms  34 k
 python-setuptools            noarch 0.9.8-7.el7            rhel-7-server-rpms 397 k

Transaction Summary
=====================================================================================
Install    1 Package  (+7 Dependent packages)
Upgrade  179 Packages

Total download size: 249 M
Downloading packages:
Delta RPMs disabled because /usr/bin/applydeltarpm not installed.
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7Server/rhel-7-server-rpms/packages/GeoIP-1.5.0-13.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID fd431d51: NOKEY
Public key for GeoIP-1.5.0-13.el7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
(1/187): GeoIP-1.5.0-13.el7.x86_64.rpm                        | 1.5 MB  00:00:02
(2/187): NetworkManager-config-server-1.12.0-10.el7_6.noarch. | 146 kB  00:00:00
(3/187): NetworkManager-1.12.0-10.el7_6.x86_64.rpm            | 1.7 MB  00:00:03

.    .    .
.    .    .

  vim-minimal.x86_64 2:7.4.160-5.el7
  wpa_supplicant.x86_64 1:2.6-12.el7
  xfsprogs.x86_64 0:4.5.0-19.el7_6
  yum.noarch 0:3.4.3-161.el7
  zlib.x86_64 0:1.2.7-18.el7

Complete!

Reboot the system to complete system updates.

reboot

Ensure the system version is now RHEL 7.6 in case you had some other version before the update.

cat /etc/redhat-release
System Updated to RHEL 7.6
System Updated to RHEL 7.6

Install Leapp

Enable the RHEL 7 Server – Extras (RPMs) repository using the below command.

subscription-manager repos --enable rhel-7-server-extras-rpms
Enable RHEL 7 Server Extras RPM
Enable RHEL 7 Server Extras RPM

Install the Leapp utility using the yum command.

yum install -y leapp

Install the wget package to download additional files required for upgradation using the terminal.

yum install -y wget

Download additional required data files from the knowledgebase article and place them in /etc/leapp/files/ directory.

cd /etc/leapp/files/ 
wget https://access.redhat.com/sites/default/files/attachments/leapp-data3.tar.gz

Extract the archive file you downloaded from knowledgebase using the tar command.

tar -zxvf leapp-data3.tar.gz

Delete the archive file after extracting its content.

rm -rf leapp-data3.tar.gz

Upgrade from RHEL 7 to RHEL 8

Begin the system upgrade with below command.

leapp upgrade

The Leapp utility now starts collecting system data, checks for system upgradability, and creates a pre-upgrade report in /var/log/leapp/leapp-report.txt file.

If the system is upgradable, Leapp utility downloads the data and rpms for the upgrade. In case of any issues, Leapp stops the upgrade process and create a detailed report about issues and recommended solutions in the /var/log/leapp/leapp-report.txt file.

Once the system upgrade is complete, reboot the system.

reboot

Upon reboot, the system will boot into RHEL 8 based initial RAM disk image, initramfs.

RHEL Upgrade Initramfs
RHEL Upgrade Initramfs

Leapp upgrades all packages and automatically reboot to the RHEL 8 system.

Upgrade from RHEL 7 to RHEL 8 - System Upgrade In Progress
Upgrade from RHEL 7 to RHEL 8 – System Upgrade In Progress

Post-Upgrade Tasks

Login to the RHEL 8 system.

SELinux

Set SELinux mode to Enforcing.

setenforce 1

Make it permanent with below command.

sed -i 's/SELINUX=permissive/SELINUX=enforcing/g' /etc/selinux/config

Firewall

Enable the Firewall

systemctl start firewalld

systemctl enable firewalld

Verify RHEL 8 Upgrade

Verify the current OS version with the below command. The current version should be Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.

cat /etc/redhat-release

Check the Kernel version. It should be v4.18 with .el8.

uname -r
System Console Login
System Console Login

Verify that Red Hat Enterprise 8 is installed.

subscription-manager list --installed
RHEL 8
RHEL 8

Finally, check if you can access the RHEL 8 system over SSH. This step ensures that network services are functioning correctly.

ssh root@192.168.1.10

If you see my previous screenshot, I have loggedin into the RHEL 8 system using PUTTY which confirms that the RHEL 8 system is available in the network.

Conclusion

That’s All. I hope, this post helped you to upgrade your system from RHEL 7 to RHEL 8. If you got stuck at any point, reach to us through the comments section.

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