How To Upgrade From Debian 10 to Debian 11
This post will help you to upgrade your system from Debian 10 to Debian 11.
You must have an active internet connection to download packages for the OS upgrade.
You must have root or sudo privileges to perform this OS upgrade.
Before upgrading your OS, take a full backup of important data files and configuration files. The backup may help us restore the system to its previous state if you face any issues after the upgrade.
- Configuration files
- Important application data files
Upgrade From Debian 10 to Debian 11
Verify current version
Use the lsb_release -a command to see the current version of Debian.
Distributor ID: Debian Description: Debian GNU/Linux 10 (buster) Release: 10 Codename: buster
Update Debian 10
Update system to the latest version of the current operating system, i.e., Debian 10.10.0.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade -y
Modify sources.list File
Rename current sources.list file.
sudo mv /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list_bkp
Create a new /etc/apt/sources.list file.
sudo vi /etc/apt/sources.list
Add the below repository information to the sources.list file.
deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ bullseye main deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian/ bullseye main deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security main deb-src http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security main deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ bullseye-updates main deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian/ bullseye-updates main
Update the package index.
sudo apt update
Use the apt list –upgradable command to quickly list what will be installed, updated, and removed during the OS upgrade process without affecting the system.
sudo apt list --upgradable
xz-utils/stable 5.2.5-2 amd64 [upgradable from: 5.2.4-1] yelp-xsl/stable 3.38.3-1 all [upgradable from: 3.31.90-1] yelp/stable 3.38.3-1 amd64 [upgradable from: 3.31.90-1] zenity-common/stable 3.32.0-6 all [upgradable from: 3.30.0-2] zenity/stable 3.32.0-6 amd64 [upgradable from: 3.30.0-2] zlib1g/stable 1:1.2.11.dfsg-2 amd64 [upgradable from: 1:1.2.11.dfsg-1]
Upgrade to Debian 11
Now, upgrade all packages on your system to the latest version available on Debian 11.
sudo apt upgrade -y
During the upgrade, services installed on your system need to be restarted after the up-gradation of each service packages (ex. Apache, NTP), which may cause you service interruptions.
You can choose to restart automatically during the upgrade or manually after the upgrade. Here, I choose to do an automatic restart of services during the OS upgrade.
Also, you may be asked to choose what to do with a modified configuration file when there is a newer configuration file available for your system from Debian 11. You also have an option to compare both files and decide on it.
Do the distribution upgrade to complete the upgrade to Debian 11.
sudo apt dist-upgrade -y
Reboot your machine after the distribution upgrade.
Verify the current version of the Debian operating system.
Distributor ID: Debian Description: Debian GNU/Linux 11 (bullseye) Release: 11 Codename: bullseye