How To Install And Set Up KVM On Ubuntu 18.04 LTS / Ubuntu 17.10
KVM is a hypervisor software which helps you run a multiple guest operating systems on a Linux machine with the help of hardware virtualization extensions.
KVM supports the wide variety of guest operating system’s such as Linux, Windows, Solaris, Haiku, REACT OS and much more. You can manage virtual machines using the command line or available graphical tools.
Virt-Manager (Virtual Machine Manager) is the most widely used graphical application for managing KVM based virtual machines, and it supports creating, editing, starting and stopping KVM-based virtual machines, as well as the live or cold migration of guest machines between hosts.
As said earlier, KVM will work only if the CPU has the support of hardware virtualization, either Intel VT or AMD-V.
To find whether your CPU supports VT features, run the following command.
egrep '(vmx|svm)' /proc/cpuinfo | wc -l
If the above command returns nonzero, then your hardware supports VT else it does not.
A bridged network is a dedicated network card to a virtual machine which helps guest machines to connect outside the network, and this must be set up before creating a virtual machine using Virtual Manager.
You can either use
/etc/network/interfaces or Netplan to configure bridged networking for KVM.
Here, we will use
/etc/network/interfaces file to configure bridged networking so that VMs can be accessed from external machines.
bridge-utils package using the
sudo apt-get install -y bridge-utils resolvconf
Edit interface file to create a bridge
br1, this should be executed on KVM host.
sudo nano /etc/network/interfaces
My machine has only one network card (ens33). So, I have created a bridge using the single network card. Make changes to the interfaces file according to your environment.
# interfaces(5) file used by ifup(8) and ifdown(8) auto lo iface lo inet loopback #Bridge Name # auto br1 # Bridge Information # iface br1 inet static bridge_ports ens33 bridge_stp off bridge_fd 9 # Bride IP # address 192.168.1.10 netmask 255.255.255.0 network 192.168.1.0 broadcast 192.168.1.255 gateway 192.168.1.1 dns-nameservers 192.168.1.1 dns-nameservers 220.127.116.11
DHCP IP: (Only if your environment has the DHCP server).
# interfaces(5) file used by ifup(8) and ifdown(8) auto lo iface lo inet loopback #Bridge Name # auto br1 # Bridge Information # iface br1 inet dhcp bridge_ports ens33
Bring up the bridge.
sudo ifup br1
Restart the network service.
sudo service networking restart
Update the repository cache.
Install the below packages for KVM set up.
sudo apt-get install -y qemu-kvm qemu virt-manager virt-viewer libvirt-bin
- qemu-kvm = Kernel-based Virtual machine. QEMU uses it for CPU virtualization.
- qemu = CPU emulator
- virt-viewer – Graphical console
Ensure users who are creating virtual machines belong to the libvirt group. Use
id command to check the user details.
uid=1000(raj) gid=1000(raj) groups=1000(raj),4(adm),24(cdrom),27(sudo),30(dip),46(plugdev),116(lpadmin),126(sambashare),129(libvirt)
If you are creating new users, then add them to
sudo useradd -m -d /home/vino -s /bin/bash -G libvirt vino
Create Virtual Machine
Once you have installed KVM and other tools, it is all set to start our first virtual machine. Run
virt-manager command in the terminal and bring up the Virtual Machine Manager
Activities >> Search for Virtual Machine Manager.
Once it is opened, right-click on localhost(QEMU) and then click on New. The Virtual Machine Manager will start a wizard to create a new virtual machine.
Step 1: You will be asked to choose how you would like to install the operating system. Here I decided to install it from ISO image or CD-ROM.
Step 2: Browse to the location of ISO image and select the ISO image. The new machine wizard will try to detect operating system based on ISO, if not, manually choose an operating system type and version.
Step 3: Configure CPU and Memory resource for the virtual machine.
Step 4: Here, mention the amount of storage you want to assign to a virtual machine.
Step 5: On this page, you will get the summary of all settings. Select the bridged adaptor we created earlier to allow a virtual machine to communicate outside networks. Click on Finish.
Step 6: Virtual Machine Manager will start to create a virtual machine depends on our input. Once VM is created, Virtual Machine Manager will start the console for OS installation.
The following screenshot shows a VM running on Ubuntu 18.04:
Manage Virtual Machine
With the Virtual Machine Manager, you can perform VM’s life cycle actions such as start, power off, reset, clone, and migration by right-clicking on the selected virtual machine.
You can manage a virtual machine by clicking the info icon in the virtual machine console. Here you can add, remove, and modify devices connected to a virtual machine.