How To Install Gradle on Ubuntu 20.04 / Ubuntu 18.04 & Linux Mint 20/19

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Install Gradle on Ubuntu 20.04
Install Gradle on Ubuntu 20.04

Gradle is an open-source build automation tool used for Java, Groovy, and Scala development. It builds upon the concepts of Apache Ant and Apache Maven. Unlike Apache Maven which uses XML for declaring project configurations, Gradle uses Groovy, a dynamic, object-oriented programming language to define the project configurations.

In this post, we will install Gradle on Ubuntu 20.04 / Ubuntu 18.04 & Linux Mint 20 / Linux Mint 19.

Install Gradle on Ubuntu / Linux Mint

Install JDK / JRE

Gradle’s only requirement is Java JDK or JRE version 8 or above to be installed.

Update the repository index.

sudo apt update

If you prefer Oracle Java JDK over OpenJDK then follow the post about installation of Oracle Java on Ubuntu 20.04 / Ubuntu 18.04 & Linux Mint 20 / Linux Mint 19.

Here, I will go with OpenJDK 11.

Install the OpenJDK package by using the apt command.

sudo apt install -y default-jdk-headless

Verify the Java installation by executing the following command.

java -version

Output:

openjdk version "11.0.7" 2020-04-14
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 11.0.7+10-post-Ubuntu-3ubuntu1)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 11.0.7+10-post-Ubuntu-3ubuntu1, mixed mode, sharing)

Install other supported packages.

sudo apt install -y wget unzip

Install Gradle

Download the latest version of the Gradle (V6.3) from the official site. Download the Gradle Binary-only zip file.

OR

Use the below command in the terminal to download the Gradle (v6.5.1) package.

cd /tmp

wget https://services.gradle.org/distributions/gradle-6.5.1-bin.zip

Extract zipped package using unzip command.

unzip gradle-*.zip

Move the content to /opt/gradle directory.

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sudo mkdir /opt/gradle

sudo cp -pr gradle-*/* /opt/gradle

Verify the moved files by listing the /opt/gradle/ directory.

ls /opt/gradle/

Output:

bin  init.d  lib  LICENSE  NOTICE  README

Setup Environment Variable

We will now configure the PATH environment variable to include the Gradle’s bin directory. To do that, create a new file named gradle.sh inside of the /etc/profile.d/ directory.

echo "export PATH=/opt/gradle/bin:${PATH}" | sudo tee /etc/profile.d/gradle.sh

Make the script executable by using the chmod command.

sudo chmod +x /etc/profile.d/gradle.sh

Load the environment variables for the current session by using the following command.

source /etc/profile.d/gradle.sh

Verify Gradle installation

To validate the Gradle installation, use the below command.

gradle -v

Output:

Welcome to Gradle 6.5.1!

Here are the highlights of this release:
 - Experimental file-system watching
 - Improved version ordering
 - New samples

For more details see https://docs.gradle.org/6.5.1/release-notes.html


------------------------------------------------------------
Gradle 6.5.1
------------------------------------------------------------

Build time:   2020-06-30 06:32:47 UTC
Revision:     66bc713f7169626a7f0134bf452abde51550ea0a

Kotlin:       1.3.72
Groovy:       2.5.11
Ant:          Apache Ant(TM) version 1.10.7 compiled on September 1 2019
JVM:          11.0.7 (Ubuntu 11.0.7+10-post-Ubuntu-3ubuntu1)
OS:           Linux 5.4.0-26-generic amd64

Conclusion

That’s All. You have successfully installed Gradle on Ubuntu 20.04 / Ubuntu 18.04 & Linux Mint 20 / Linux Mint 19. You can go to the official Gradle Documentation page to learn how to get started with Gradle.

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