How To Install Cacti on Ubuntu 18.04

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Cacti is a free and open-source web-based network monitoring tool designed as the front end application for the Round-Robin database tool (RRDtool). It allows users to poll the services at an interval of time and resulting in the graph format.

Cacti, in general, it is used to get a graph of CPU and network bandwidth utilization and monitors the network traffic by polling a router or switch over the SNMP protocol.

Here, we will see how to install Cacti on Ubuntu 18.04.

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Prerequisites

Update the repository index using the apt command.

sudo apt update

Install Apache & MariaDB

Cacti run on top of the AMP server. So, install Apache, MySQL, and PHP packages on your machine.

sudo apt install -y apache2 mariadb-server mariadb-client php-mysql libapache2-mod-php

Install PHP Extensions

Additionally, you would need to install a few PHP extensions for the proper functioning of Cacti.

sudo apt install -y php-xml php-ldap php-mbstring php-gd php-gmp

Install SNMP

Also, install the SNMP and RRDtool on the server in case you want to monitor the Cacti server as well.

sudo apt install -y snmp php-snmp rrdtool librrds-perl

Database Tuning

Cacti recommend changing MySQL a few settings for better performances. So, edit the configuration file.

sudo nano /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf

Add/Update the below settings in [mysqld] section.

collation-server = utf8mb4_unicode_ci
max_heap_table_size = 128M
tmp_table_size = 64M
join_buffer_size = 64M
innodb_file_format = Barracuda
innodb_large_prefix = 1
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M
innodb_flush_log_at_timeout = 3
innodb_read_io_threads = 32
innodb_write_io_threads = 16
innodb_io_capacity = 5000
innodb_io_capacity_max = 10000

Set Timezone

As a mandatory requirement, we need to set the timezone in the PHP configuration file. So, edit the php.ini file depending on your PHP version.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini

AND

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/cli/php.ini

Update your timezone as shown below.

date.timezone = US/Central
memory_limit = 512M
max_execution_time = 60

Restart MariaDB service.

sudo systemctl restart mariadb

Create Database

Create a database for Cacti installation.

You can log in to the MariaDB server without the MySQL root password by running sudo mysql -u root -p or mysql -u root -p command as root in Ubuntu 18.04.
sudo mysql -u root -p

Now, create a database for the Cacti installation.

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create database cacti;

Grant permission to the newly created database.

GRANT ALL ON cacti.* TO cactiuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'cactipassword';
flush privileges;
exit

The newly created database user (cactiuser) should have access to the mysql.time_zone_name Table. To do that, import the mysql_test_data_timezone.sql to mysql database.

sudo mysql -u root -p mysql < /usr/share/mysql/mysql_test_data_timezone.sql

Then, log in to MySQL.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Grant the permission to cactiuser.

GRANT SELECT ON mysql.time_zone_name TO cactiuser@localhost;
flush privileges;
exit

Install Cacti

Download the latest version of the Cacti package using wget command.

wget https://www.cacti.net/downloads/cacti-latest.tar.gz

Extract the Cacti archive using the tar command and move the extracted files to /opt directory.

tar -zxvf cacti-latest.tar.gz

sudo mv cacti-1* /opt/cacti

Import the default Cacti database data to the Cacti database.

sudo mysql -u root -p cacti < /opt/cacti/cacti.sql

Edit the Cacti config file to specify the database type, database name, MySQL hostname, user, and password information.

sudo nano /opt/cacti/include/config.php

Make the changes accordingly.

/* make sure these values reflect your actual database/host/user/password */
$database_type = "mysql";
$database_default = "cacti";
$database_hostname = "localhost";
$database_username = "cactiuser";
$database_password = "cactipassword";
$database_port = "3306";
$database_ssl = false;

Edit the crontab file.

sudo nano /etc/cron.d/cacti

Add the following entry in the crontab so that Cacti can poll every five min.

*/5 * * * * www-data php /opt/cacti/poller.php > /dev/null 2>&1

Edit the Apache configuration file to perform the remote installation.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/cacti.conf

Use the following configuration.

Alias /cacti /opt/cacti

  <Directory /opt/cacti>
      Options +FollowSymLinks
      AllowOverride None
      <IfVersion >= 2.3>
      Require all granted
      </IfVersion>
      <IfVersion < 2.3>
      Order Allow,Deny
      Allow from all
      </IfVersion>

   AddType application/x-httpd-php .php

<IfModule mod_php.c>
      php_flag magic_quotes_gpc Off
      php_flag short_open_tag On
      php_flag register_globals Off
      php_flag register_argc_argv On
      php_flag track_vars On
      # this setting is necessary for some locales
      php_value mbstring.func_overload 0
      php_value include_path .
 </IfModule>

  DirectoryIndex index.php
</Directory>

Enable the created virtual host.

sudo a2ensite cacti

Restart Apache services.

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sudo systemctl restart apache2

Create a log file and allow the Apache user (www-data) to write a data on to Cacti directory.

sudo touch /opt/cacti/log/cacti.log

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /opt/cacti/

Setup Cacti

Visit the following URL to begin the installation of Cacti.

http://your.ip.add.ress/cacti

Login to Cacti to set up Cacti installation.

Username: admin
Password: admin

Login To Setup Cacti
Login To Setup Cacti

You must change the password of the Cacti admin user before you setup Cacti.

Change Cacti Admin Password
Change Cacti Admin Password

Accept the Cacti license agreement and click on Next to continue.

Accept Cacti License Agreement
Accept Cacti License Agreement

Cacti perform pre-installation checks and reports any issues on this page. You need to fix the problems if the installation wizard reports.

Cacti Preinstallation Checks
Cacti Preinstallation Checks

Select New Primary Server as an installation type for the new installation and then click Next.

Cacti Installation Type
Cacti Installation Type

Now, Cacti installation wizard checks and reports for permission problems you may have in the Cacti installation directories.

Directory Permission Checks
Directory Permission Checks

It will show you here if there is any package is missing, which is mandatory for the Cacti.

Cacti Binary Locations
Cacti Binary Locations

Click Next on the default profile page as we already configured cron to poll every five minutes.

Cacti Default Profile
Cacti Default Profile

Select all templates or the one you want and then click Finish to complete the installation of Cacti.

Cacti Template Setup
Cacti Template Setup

Click Next on the final test summary page.

Installation Test Page
Installation Test Page

Select Confirm Installation and press Install to begin the Cacti installation.

Confirm Cacti Installation
Confirm Cacti Installation

Wait for the installation to complete.

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Cacti Installation InProgres
Cacti Installation In Progres

In a minute or two, the Cacti installation will complete.

Cacti Installation Complete
Cacti Installation Complete

Clicking on the Get Started on the above page will take you directly to the Cacti dashboard. Otherwise, you can log in to Cacti with the user name and the password you set during the Cacti installation.

Access Cacti Dashboard

Enter User Name and Password to login to Cacti.

Username: admin
Password: <YOUR_PASSWORD>
Login To Cacti
Login To Cacti

Cacti Dashboard:

Cacti Dashboard
Cacti Dashboard

By default, the local machine (your Cacti server) will be added for monitoring in Cacti. You can Go to Graphs >> Default Tree >> Local Linux Machine to see the usage graph of the Cacti server.

Local Machine Resource Usage Graph
Local Machine Resource Usage Graph

Monitor Remote Linux Machines

READ: How to monitor remote Linux machines with Cacti monitoring tool

Conclusion

That’s All. I hope you have learned how to install Cacti on Ubuntu 18.04. Now, you can check out how to monitor remote Linux machines with Cacti monitoring tool. Please share your feedback in the comments section.

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